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Nov 14, 2023

The CZ Ministry will once again support Ukrainian assistants and the language education of Ukrainians

The Ministry of Education wants to continue supporting Ukrainian teaching assistants and the language education of Ukrainians in order to ensure their successful integration. The support was also approved for the period from the beginning of the new school year to the end of the calendar year, almost 116 million crowns will go to assistants for this period, over 12 million crowns to language education in the field of university studies.

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Nov 17, 2022

Changes to university admission in 2022 for Ukraine

Due to the full-scale war in Ukraine, the current rules for entering universities have changed somewhat. The UPE was canceled for applicants, but a new test format was introduced: a national multi-subject test for admission to the bachelor's degree, and a comprehensive master's test for the master's degree.

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Oct 3, 2022

Matura in exile with 548 high school graduates from Ukraine will take the matriculation exam in Sofia and Varna

548 secondary school graduates from Ukraine will attend the matriculation exam in Bulgaria because of the ongoing full-scale war in their homeland, Irina Kozik, first secretary of the Embassy of Ukraine in Sofia, told OFFNews. In total, about 25,000 young people will take the exam outside of Ukraine, the Ministry of Education and Science in Kyiv announced.

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Sep 23, 2022

350 Ukrainian students in Ireland begin equivalent of Leaving Cert exams

More than 350 Ukrainian students in Ireland are sitting the equivalent of the Leaving Cert for college entry. The online exams, which will run for six days, are being hosted in Trinity College Dublin this week, and in Dublin City University.

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Sep 20, 2022

Ukraine Ministry of Education instructs students to obtain duplicate certificate of secondary education

The Ministry of Education noted that the loss of documents, including certificates, during the war is not uncommon, but there is an algorithm for restoring certificates.

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Aug 15, 2022

Ukrainian students also apply for a four-year graduation course in Czech Republic

According to information from the company Cermat, which organizes uniform entrance exams, 1,281 refugees from Ukraine applied for high school graduation courses throughout the Czech Republic. The vast majority of them want to get into four-year courses, only 33 applications were submitted to multi-year grammar schools.

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Aug 5, 2022

Germany Simplifies Conditions For Admission To Universities For Ukrainian Refugees

It is now easier for Ukrainian refugees to enter German universities. This applies to those who studied their last year at school in Ukraine, but because of the full-scale Russian invasion, could not pass the final exams and receive a certificate, as well as those who started studying at a Ukrainian university, but did not complete the first year for the same reason.

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Jul 26, 2022

Germany DAAD launches platform for Ukrainians

The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) has launched an online platform aiming to help 100,000 Ukrainian students and researchers continue their studies or academic careers in Germany.

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Jul 12, 2022

Ukraine will not recognize Belarusian documents on education

In 6 months, Belarusian certificates and diplomas of education will no longer be recognized in Ukraine. We are talking about documents issued after the denunciation of the agreement on their mutual recognition.

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Jun 29, 2022

Belgium Minister of Education gives indications on end-of-year exams and learning delays

School resumes in Belgium with the Minister of Education announcing an opportunity to lookin into upcoming exams and the learning delays that are still being felt through the health crisis.

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Jun 16, 2022

Ukraine’s students to return to school in September says Education Ministry

This September, students will return to school as the educational process in Ukraine will be launched in offline mode, and pupils and students will have to come to educational institutions, according to the head of the Ministry of Education

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May 30, 2022

Morocco Works to Support Returning Students from Ukraine to Resume Learning

Recently, Morocco established a digital platform to help returning Moroccan students from Ukraine integrate and pursue their education if they wish to resume their education.

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May 23, 2022

Arrival of Ukrainian children poses more challenges for Dutch-speaking schools

Dutch-speaking schools have faced a mountain of challenges in recent years, from the pandemic overturning school systems as we knew them to chronic teacher shortages. The arrival of hundreds of Ukrainian children is expected to further exacerbate the situation.

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May 2, 2022

Ukraine strives for freshmen

Final exams at Ukrainian schools cannot take place because of the war. Nevertheless, the government tries to admit new students.

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Apr 5, 2022

2,179 Egyptian students in Ukraine file for transfer to Egyptian universities

A total of 2,179 Egyptian students enrolled in Ukrainian universities have filled out a government form to transfer to private and national Egyptian universities, Minister of Emigration Nabila Makram.

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Mar 29, 2022

Many European Universities Are Helping Ukrainian Students – Here’s How

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which caused about 780 fatalities for less than 30 days, about 3.1 million people were forced to flee their home country, leave their loved ones and give up jobs and studies to seek international protection in European countries.

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Mar 28, 2022

Polish universities rally to support Ukrainian refugees

More than 2.5 million Ukrainians have left their country in the two weeks since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine began on 24 February. Most of them, nearly 1.5 million, crossed into Poland, which has a 330 mile long common border with Ukraine and is a member of the European Union.

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Mar 25, 2022

International students went to Ukraine to study. Now many worry they can't escape

As international students desperately seek an escape, many Ukrainians are trying to flee their homeland.

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Jun 8, 2021

Ukraine final exams were canceled, the number of applications for a contract was limited

The Verkhovna Rada exempted 11 grade students who are finishing school this year from the mandatory state final attestation (GIA) . It can be passed at will, and VNO 2021 will have to be passed only by those graduates who plan to enter the university.

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Jan 2, 2021

Ukraine Education ministry recommends distance learning in universities until Nov 15

Education ministry recommends distance learning in universities. This recommendation is for vocational education, professional higher education, and higher education facilities.

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Located in southeast Europe, Ukraine is neighbor to Belarus and Russia to the north and east, and to Moldova, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland on the south and west. Carpathian and Crimean mountains rise in the south, and Ukraine has coastline on the Black Sea. The population of Ukraine is about 47 million, 67% in the urban industrial east. Although Russian is widely spoken, some 90% of the people claim Ukrainian as their native language. The country has about 200 colleges and universities and 500 technical and vocational schools, and 70% of the current adult population attended secondary or higher education.

Scythians, Goths and other nomadic peoples arrived in the Ukraine area throughout the first millennium B.C. Greeks and Romans established trading outposts there. Slavic tribes occupied central and eastern Ukraine in the 6th century A.D. and established Kiev, which long prospered as a commercial crossroad. By the 11th century “Kievan Rus” was the largest state in Europe. Most of the population converted to Christianity by 1000 A.D. But rivalries among feudal lords precipitated decline, Mongol raiders destroyed Kiev in the 13th century, and for hundreds of years the territory of modern Ukraine was partitioned and controlled by different forces—Poland, Lithuania, Russia, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Soviet Union. Through it all, the Ukrainian people maintained a sense of individual identity. The Cossacks earned a reputation for fierce martial spirit and love of freedom. Writers and intellectuals kept alive Ukrainian linguistic and cultural traditions.

After suppression by Stalin and the Nazis in the 1930s and 1940s, Ukraine spent another 46 years as a communist state within the Soviet Union. But the 1986 explosion at the Chornobyl nuclear power plant was in many ways a turning point for the Soviet Union and Ukraine, and with the collapse of the USSR, Ukraine became an independent state in 1991.

Preview EDGE Ukraine


Ukraine began to reform its Soviet-dominated education system immediately after independence. Currenty, education in Ukraine is overseen by the Міністерство освіти і науки.

Primary and Secondary Education

All children, ages 7-16, attend a 9-year compulsory primary and lower secondary (middle) school program. When students complete the first nine years of education, they receive the Certificate of Incomplete General Secondary Education. After two years of upper secondary education, students receive the Certificate of Complete General Secondary Education.

Upper secondary education takes place at two types of institutions: general academic schools and secondary vocational-technical schools. Secondary vocational-technical schools are designed to give lower secondary graduates skills for entry directly into the job market. These studies are at the technikum, for highly skilled technical, industrial, engineering studies, agriculture, business and some applied arts; and the uchilishche, for pre-school teacher training, nursing, medical technologies, and librarianship. Admission to these upper secondary institutions is based on the nine-year Certificate of Incomplete General Secondary Education and heavily weighted entrance examinations which confirm general and mathematical knowledge. Programs last up to 5 years; typically 3 years to complete secondary education and 2 years of postsecondary education. Certificates awarded after three years of study include the Atestat or Matriculation School Certificate, Vocational School Leaving Certificate, Professional Secondary School Leaving Certificate, and, after two years of postsecondary level study, the Junior Specialist Diploma.

Post-Secondary Education

In the Ukraine, all education from the upper secondary through doctoral levels is considered “professional” education, and is as follows:

  • Level I: Technical and vocational education = first (or initial) professional education
  • Level II: College education = intermediate professional education/basic higher education
  • Level III: University education = higher professional education/complete higher education.

Traditional Ukrainian (Soviet) higher education was highly specialized, and emphasized engineering, technology, science and military fields. Curricula included mostly mandatory field­ courses and few un­related subjects like social sciences or humanities. Since 1992, private education institutions in particular have more closely followed Western models, and offered more flexibility and career variety. Economics, management, and the humanities have been especially popular.

The Ministry of Education is the only accrediting body, and both public and independent institutions may conduct educational activities and offer degrees at three levels.

Level I

Uchylyshcha and Technika (Vocational and technical schools) award the Swidoctwo Pro Zakinchennia Uchylyshcha and the Diplom Technika.

Institutions of Levels I and II are now considered institutions of higher education (prior to 1992 they were specialized secondary schools). They can exist separately or be affiliated with other institutions. Students can be admitted to Level I programs after completing either the Certificate of Incomplete General Education (which represents nine years of education), or the Certificate of Complete General Secondary Education (which represents 11 years of education); plus entrance examinations.

Students entering after “incomplete secondary education” study for one to five years. Students completing one or two year programs receive the Swidoctwo Pro Zakinchennia Uchylyshcha which qualifies them for employment. Students studying in programs of three, four or five years duration receive both the Attestat and the Swidoctwo Pro Zakinchennia Uchylyshcha, which qualifies them for employment and further education.

Students entering after “complete secondary education” study for two to three years and receive the Diplom Technika, (Professional Secondary School Leaving Certificate), which qualifies them for employment and further education.

Level II
Colleges award the Junior Specialist Diploma with Professional Qualification or the Bachelor's degree.

Many of the institutions of Level II are the old secondary Technicums now upgraded to colleges. They tend to admit only students who have completed the Certificate of Complete General Secondary Education. The standard length of a program is 4 years and the award is the Bakalavra. This is consistent with the Bologna process which instituted the first separation between undergraduate and graduate (see Level III below) degrees throughout Europe.

Levels III and IV
Institutes, conservatories, academies, and universities award Dyplom Spetsialista, Bakalavra, Magistra, Kandydat Nauk and Doktor Nauk degrees.

Institutes normally offer Level III programs, and universities and academies usually rank at Level IV. (For example, after 1992, Level III Kiev Polytechnic Institute became the Level IV National Technical University of Ukraine, and expanded its degree offerings.) An "Institute" in Ukraine may offer a broader range of higher education programs than is often associated with specialized institutes elsewhere.

The Dyplom Spetsialista requires 5-6 years of study beyond the Certificate of Complete General Secondary Education. As the name implies, this diploma is awarded in highly specialized fields, especially in engineering.

The Master’s Degree also requires one to two years (and frequently one additional semester practicum) beyond the Bakalavra (bachelor's degree). The master's degree is oriented toward a scientific or research career.

Ukraine has two doctoral degrees, the Kandydat nauk, and Doctor nauk. The Kandydat nauk is awarded after 3 or 4 years of research beyond either the Dyplom Spetsialista or the Masters; plus a thesis and examinations. The Doctor nauk is the highest degree in Ukraine, awarded only to those already holding a Kandidat nauk who have published a significant volume of original research over an extended period of time. The doktor nauk is comparable to postdoctoral study in the United States.

Continuing Education

Ukraine continuing education serves persons who are already on the job. Candidates for such courses must pass an entrance exam. Some higher education institutions (mostly private) have departments of continuing education. A few higher education institutions organize evening classes in industry, at the same level as full-time studies. Ukraine television broadcasts public educational programs for students and teachers, primarily at the secondary level.

Teacher Training

Pre-primary and primary school teachers are trained in teacher-training institutions of Level I or II (see text, above). Secondary school teachers are trained at institutes and universities, (see Level III, above) in the respective faculties of their teaching specialties (Education, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Physical Education, etc.). Higher education teachers are recruited from among university graduates who hold the Master or Candidate of Science degrees, and generally have some education training.

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Johnny K. Johnson

Director of Foreign Credentials Evaluation Services of America (FCSA)


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