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Bangladesh

Overview

Bangladesh first came into existence in 1971. Bangladesh seceded from West Pakistan and became the world’s 139th country. The country is located in southern Asia on the Bay of Bengal, bordered by India and Burma. Annual flooding that covers one-third of the country combined with famine has caused Bangladesh to experience a tumultuous thirty-three years. After a short but bloody war Bangladesh won its independence, but it was completely decimated. During its first three years of independence, the new country experienced famine. The weather and famine have hampered economic development in this poor country. During the 1980’s the military government often made promises of elections to be held “soon,” however, there were no elections until 1991 when democracy was re-established. Currently Bangladesh has a parliamentary democracy, with a primarily ceremonial president.

Education

Education in Bangladesh is closely related to education in India and Pakistan, since Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan until 1971. Its modern system of universities was established based on the British model. Currently, Bangladesh's education system is overseen by their Ministry of Education.

Primary and Secondary Education

The educational system is divided into 4 levels. Primary is grades one through five, secondary is grades six through ten, and higher secondary includes grades eleven and twelve. Today the typical student interested in higher education completes 12 years of primary and secondary education. The 12 year Higher Secondary Certificate is the minimum requirement to continue to higher education.

Post-Secondary Education

After twelve years of study the student is eligible to pursue post secondary education that ranges in length from two years to twelve years and results in a variety of degrees. Completion of the Bachelor’s degree may lead to further study in graduate level programs. Bangladesh has a wide variety of post-graduate degree paths, including professional degrees such as medicine and law, and academic degrees such as Doctor of Philosophy degrees.

New B.B.A degree

A four-year Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.) degree is now being offered. Modeled on the US system, the new B.B.A. includes a semester system academic calendar and a minimum of 120 semester hours of credit as the minimum graduation requirement. In some instances, the new four-year degrees run year-round for three years. In either instance, the number of hours completed is the same. Three-year degrees which follow an academic calendar of nine months -- and which do not use semester hours -- are not comparable to a US bachelor's degree.


THE CONTRIBUTORS
robert-watkins53FB0EC00E8D
Robert Watkins

Special Assistant to the Director, University of Texas at Austin

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