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Oct 26, 2023

Canada toughens approach to international student exploitation

The Trudeau administration is showing growing impatience with problems related to Canada’s rapidly expanding intake of international students, warning campus and local leaders that the federal government will take a tougher line on fraud and exploitation if they do not.

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Nov 17, 2022

Alberta Diploma exams set to 20% for 2022-23 school year

As students continue to address pandemic-related learning challenges, diploma exam weighting will be reduced to 20 per cent this school year in Alberta. Over the course of the pandemic, the government has responded to feedback from education system partners and made adjustments to the administration of diploma exams as required.

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Jun 14, 2022

Tentative school exam schedule at issue for Edmonton Public Schools in Alberta, Canada

The 2023-24 school year for Edmonton Public Schools will not include more time off for religious holidays unless the province adjusts the tentative exam schedule.

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Jun 14, 2022

Canada’s 13 provincial and territorial governments education recovery plans

Each provincial and territorial government is moving forward with varying education recovery plans for the upcoming year.

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Feb 8, 2022

Return to learning delayed and diploma exams cancelled in Alberta province

Education Minister Adriana LaGrange said schooling will not begin as originally scheduled to allow school boards additional time to plan for the return of students amid rising COVID-19 numbers. She also announced that Grade 12 diploma exams will be cancelled.

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May 11, 2021

Egypt’s Higher Education Minister calls on Egyptian scholars in US and Canada to support the country

Egypt’s Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research aims to encourage Egyptian scholars who have studied abroad to support the future of Egypt, he said, stressing that these scholars are keen to contribute to the achievements of their homeland.

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Mar 16, 2021

Alberta schools to resume in-person classes as planned

Alberta schools will resume in-person learning as planned, as other COVID-19 restrictions extended. Current provincial restrictions intended to slow the spread of the coronavirus will remain in place for at least two more weeks.

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Feb 24, 2021

Alberta diploma exams are optional in 2021

The 2020-2021 exam schedule is posted. Students who complete a diploma exam course and have a school-awarded mark are eligible for an exemption.

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Feb 23, 2021

Postponed exams spark concerns over pharmacist shortage

Hundreds of pharmacy graduates are forced to delay their entry into the workforce after their licensing exam, Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), was suddenly postponed for a second time this year. Students are blaming administrators for failing to plan during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

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Dec 1, 2020

Canada relaxes online study rules for post-graduate work permit

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has announced a further relaxation of online study rules pertaining to post-graduation work permit (PGWP) eligibility.

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Nov 30, 2020

2020-21 Diploma Exams suspended and Grade 12 students can choose to opt out of exams this fall

Edmonton Public School Board agreed unanimously to suspend diploma exams for high school students in the 2020-21 academic year. Students in Grade 12 facing diploma exams in October and November can choose not to write them.

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Nov 4, 2020

Will Alberta students be able to apply for university without a diploma exam mark?

Alberta Education said diploma exams will be optional for students this October and November and universities reassured students that students will still be able to apply to university.

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Nov 1, 2020

International students can enter Canada from Oct. 20 onwards

International students can enter Canada from Oct. 20 onwards if their designated learning institution (DLI) has a government-approved COVID-19 readiness plan in place. This comes after IRCC approved 56,000 study permits after the relaxing of online study rules.

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Sep 18, 2020

Canadian Medical Students Demand Change After ‘Inhumane’ Exam Conditions

Graduating medical school students are required to take part one of the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Exam (MCCQE) at some point during their first year of residency. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, students will now have to take the exam online which has resulted in several difficulties.

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Sep 16, 2020

Alberta parents and teachers protest provincial re-entry plans, call for smaller class sizes

With the school year in Alberta beginning the first week of September, parents and teachers are protesting provincial re-entry plans. Protests have been held outside more than two dozen MLA offices across Alberta, putting pressure on the province to implement changes for school in the fall.

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Sep 4, 2020

School Reopening Plans, Province By Province

As schools resume across Canada in September, changes are being implemented province by province to protect students and teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Prime Minister announced $2 billion in support for provinces and territories to ensure the safety of students and staff members throughout the school year.

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Sep 4, 2020

COVID-19 and changes to postgraduate medical education in Canada

Postgraduate medical education in Canada drastically changed due to COVID-19. This article identifies key issues that medical schools and residents face in this new paradigm of medical education.

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Canada: Alberta


Located in North America, Canada is comprised of ten provinces and three territories. It is the world's second largest country in geographic size, yet its population is over 32,805,000 - slightly less than that of California. In terms of its natural resources, Canada is the world's second richest country on a per-capita basis, behind Australia.

Most of the population lives in the southern part of the country, and over 75 percent live in metropolitan areas. Among the largest cities are: Toronto, Ontario; Montréal, Québec; Vancouver, British Columbia; Ottawa, Ontario; Hull, Québec; and Edmonton, Alberta.

Canada's indigenous population is referred to as the Indians or First Nations. In fact, Canada is an Iroquis word for "community." French and English are the country's official languages, reflecting the Canada's early colonial history. Since the second half of the 18th century when the British ousted France from Canada, the country's main political and ethnic ties have been with the United Kingdom. Increased immigration from Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries boosted Canada's ethnic diversity, and since the 1970s, most immigrants have come from Asia.

Canada gained full independence in 1931, although it still is a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. It is both a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. Canada's official head of state is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, although its citizens directly elect legislatures at the federal, provincial and territorial levels.

Alberta is located in western Canada, and was formed from four districts of the Northwest Territories in 1905. The capital is Edmonton. In the 1990s, high oil prices and the growth of new industries helped make the Province of Alberta's economy one of the strongest in Canada. The province invests heavily in education and training, some $5.5 billion each year, with more than $400 million available for student financial assistance.


Education in Canada is almost exclusively the responsibility of each province and territory. As in all provinces, the Alberta legislature at Edmonton exercises extensive authority over education, creating, funding, and/or regulating primary/secondary education, universities, colleges, technical institutions and other forms of instruction (public charter schools, accredited private schools, home schooling). Separate boards administer church-sponsored schools.

More than half the 3.2 million citizens of Alberta Province are under 30 years of age, making it one of the youngest communities in the world. Ninety percent of the population finishes high school, 25% is currently in school, and by age 24, 75% of high school graduates hold or are working towards higher education credentials.

Currently, Alberta's Ministry of Education oversees secondary education while the Ministry of Advanced Education oversees higher education.

Primary and Secondary Education

The duration of compulsory education is from age 6 to 15, through junior secondary. Elementary education lasts for 6 years from age 6 to 12. Junior secondary education lasts for 3 years from ages 12 to 15. Senior secondary education lasts for 3 years from age 15 to 18. The diploma awarded is the High School Diploma.

Post-Secondary Education

Alberta has four publicly-funded universities, a specialized learning centre in Banff, four vocational colleges, 11 public colleges, two technical institutes, four private university colleges with accredited degree programs and 141 licensed private vocational schools. Four consortia, made up of various public post-secondary institutions, offer credit programs to remote communities. In addition, about 85 community adult learning councils provide primarily non-credit courses to more than 600 communities across the province.

The Province’s oldest and largest university is the University of Alberta at Edmonton. The University of Calgary, once affiliated with U Alberta, gained autonomy in 1966, and is now the second largest in the province. Others are the University of Lethbridge and Athabasca University, which focuses on distance learning. Fifteen colleges receive direct public funding, along with two technical schools, Northern and Southern Alberta Institutes of Technology (NAIT and SAIT). Students may receive government loans and grants while attending selected private as well as public institutions. The academic year runs September to June, and languages of instruction are English and French.

First Cycle

The University level first stage is the Baccalaureate Degree. Most undergraduate study leads to a "General" (Pass) Bachelor's Degree or an "Honours" or specialized degree (4 years and prescribed subject concentration). Degrees are normally titled in broad descriptive groups, e.g. B.A. and B.Sc. The first stage also includes undergraduate Diplomas (1-3 years of study) and short (up to one year) special Certificate programs; these may enable entry to degree programs and are frequently given in close cooperation with professional bodies. In addition, the first stage includes other professional programs that typically require no university-level prerequisites and four years of study, for example the Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.), also first- and second-year university transfer programs offered by seven provincially-supported community colleges.

Second Cycle

The University level second stage is the Masters Degree/First Professional Degree. The Master's Degree normally requires at least one year's study after an Honours Bachelor's Degree or equivalent. Some Master's programs, e.g. in Business Administration, last for 2 years. A thesis is usually required, often course work as well. Besides graduate level diplomas (considered as intermediate between the Bachelor's or first professional degree and the Master's Degree), the second stage also includes first professional degree programs requiring prerequisite university studies -- followed by perhaps three years for a Bachelor of Law (LL.B.) while others, e.g. Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) and Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.) normally require 4 years.

Third Cycle

The University level third stage is the Doctorate Degree. The Doctorate is the highest academic qualification awarded by Canadian universities and (in all provinces except Quebec) it comprises the third stage of university-level studies. This degree normally requires at least 3 years of study after the Bachelor's Degree; the submission and defense of a major thesis (dissertation) are the principal requirements, and supplemental course work is usually also required. The degree "Doctor of Philosophy" (Ph.D.) is the designation most commonly used to signify the Doctorate. It is a generic title, applicable to degrees in most disciplines (the Doctorate should not be confused with certain first professional degrees in the Health Sciences, e.g. Medicine, Veterinary Medicine and Dentistry).

Teacher Training

For training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers, certificate and diploma programs in Early Childhood Education or Early Childhood Development prepare individuals for employment in settings where pre-school child-care is provided. Possession of one or more of these credentials is key to determining the level of responsibility in the delivery of early childhood education programs. Professional certification requires completion of a B.Ed. Degree (4 years) or its equivalent at an acceptable university. An interim certificate is valid for 3 years, and made permanent upon completion of a minimum of 2 years of successful teaching. In Alberta, five degree-granting institutions offer teacher preparation programs culminating in the Bachelor of Education degree. It varies in length from 4 years to 6 years. Some provide for the earning of a non-Bachelor of Education degree simultaneously with the Bachelor of Education degree. Others require the completion of a non-Bachelor of Education degree before admission to and completion of the Bachelor of Education degree. One-year certificate programs prepare classroom assistants to provide teachers with a wide array of learner support services in the day-to-day teaching/learning process of basic learning.

Prospective teachers both at the primary and secondary school level may register for the 4-year Bachelor of Education degree course, offered by the Universities of Alberta and Calgary. There is a B.Ed (after degree) offered by the King's University College and Concordia University College of Alberta. The entrance requirement is High School Graduation. A professional Certificate requires a B.Ed. degree (4 years), or 4 years of university training inclusive of an approved degree and one year of professional teacher education from an acceptable institution. An interim Certificate is valid for three years, and made permanent upon completion of two years of successful teaching.



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