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Oct 26, 2023

Canada toughens approach to international student exploitation

The Trudeau administration is showing growing impatience with problems related to Canada’s rapidly expanding intake of international students, warning campus and local leaders that the federal government will take a tougher line on fraud and exploitation if they do not.

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Jun 16, 2022

Education minister defends plan to get rid of district education councils in Canada N.B.

The New Brunswick minister of education is defending a plan to abandon district education councils when the school system's governance structure is overhauled.

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Jun 14, 2022

Canada’s 13 provincial and territorial governments education recovery plans

Each provincial and territorial government is moving forward with varying education recovery plans for the upcoming year.

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May 11, 2021

Egypt’s Higher Education Minister calls on Egyptian scholars in US and Canada to support the country

Egypt’s Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research aims to encourage Egyptian scholars who have studied abroad to support the future of Egypt, he said, stressing that these scholars are keen to contribute to the achievements of their homeland.

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Feb 23, 2021

Postponed exams spark concerns over pharmacist shortage

Hundreds of pharmacy graduates are forced to delay their entry into the workforce after their licensing exam, Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), was suddenly postponed for a second time this year. Students are blaming administrators for failing to plan during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

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Dec 28, 2020

New Brunswick universities extend winter break

New Brunswick universities have announced a change to their academic year by extending the winter break for self-isolation. This comes as many students and staff have voiced their concerns for several months of being mentally and physically exhausted.

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Dec 1, 2020

Canada relaxes online study rules for post-graduate work permit

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has announced a further relaxation of online study rules pertaining to post-graduation work permit (PGWP) eligibility.

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Nov 1, 2020

International students can enter Canada from Oct. 20 onwards

International students can enter Canada from Oct. 20 onwards if their designated learning institution (DLI) has a government-approved COVID-19 readiness plan in place. This comes after IRCC approved 56,000 study permits after the relaxing of online study rules.

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Sep 18, 2020

Canadian Medical Students Demand Change After ‘Inhumane’ Exam Conditions

Graduating medical school students are required to take part one of the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Exam (MCCQE) at some point during their first year of residency. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, students will now have to take the exam online which has resulted in several difficulties.

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Sep 4, 2020

School Reopening Plans, Province By Province

As schools resume across Canada in September, changes are being implemented province by province to protect students and teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Prime Minister announced $2 billion in support for provinces and territories to ensure the safety of students and staff members throughout the school year.

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Sep 4, 2020

COVID-19 and changes to postgraduate medical education in Canada

Postgraduate medical education in Canada drastically changed due to COVID-19. This article identifies key issues that medical schools and residents face in this new paradigm of medical education.

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Canada: New Brunswick


The Canadian province of New Brunswick is one of the three Maritime Provinces (Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia are the others). It shares borders with Quebec on the northwest, the province of Nova Scotia—via the Chignecto Isthmus—on the southeast corner and the US state of Maine on the west. It also borders four bodies of water—the Chaleur/Nepisguit Bay on the northeast, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Northumberland Strait on the east and the Bay of Fundy on the south. With an estimated population of approximately 754,000, it ranks eighth among the provinces. The capital of New Brunswick is Fredericton.

Originally part of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick was established as a separate province in 1784. New Brunswick is governed by its Legislative Assembly. The official languages of New Brunswick are English (66%) and French (31.5%), with the remaining 2.5% of the population reporting themselves to be either bilingual (English and French), German-speaking or speaking an Aboriginal language (Mi’kmaq or Maliseet.)


Primary and Secondary Education

Education in New Brunswick is divided along linguistic lines — Anglophone (English) and Francophone (French). The public school system—primary and secondary—is under the direction of two assistant deputy ministers in the Department of Education. This structure has been in place since 1974. There are nine Anglophone and five Francophone school districts. The Anglophone structure is elementary (kindergarten through fifth grade), middle (sixth through eighth grade) and secondary (ninth through twelfth grade). The Francophone structure is elementary (kindergarten through eighth grade) and secondary (ninth through twelfth grade). The standard school year runs from September to June.

Free public schooling was established with the Common Schools Act of 1871. In New Brunswick, public schooling is free for all provincial residents through the age of eighteen. With the introduction of kindergartens in 1991-1992, compulsory education begins at age five and continues through age sixteen, which coincides with the second year of high school. Most students continue on to earn their New Brunswick high school diploma. Both linguistic sectors follow a generally common curriculum. This curriculum includes second language training in either English or French, depending on the school district.

Post-Secondary Education

The New Brunswick Department of Post-Secondary Education, Training and Labour is responsible for all higher education in the province. There are four publicly funded universities—one French and three English—with seven campuses throughout the province. The New Brunswick Community College system has eleven campuses—five French and six English—that offer a variety of specializations. There are also specialized institutes, private religious universities and universities recognized under the Degree Granting Act (2001); this act allows private for-profit institutions to be conferred degree-granting status.

First Cycle

University-level first-stage bachelor’s degrees with the general bachelor’s degree requiring a minimum of three years of study or the honours degree requiring a minimum of four years. The first stage also includes special certificate programs. Non-university level post-secondary studies are also available.

Second Cycle

University-level second-stage is the master’s degree that normally requires at least one year of study after the honours bachelor’s degree. Some master’s programs require at least two years.

Third Cycle

University-level third-stage is the doctorate degree normally requiring three years of study after the bachelor’s and a thesis.

Teacher Training

Teacher education at the primary and secondary level requires two undergraduate degrees, one of which must be an initial teacher training program (BEd or Certificate 5).

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Jennifer Minke

Assistant Director of Admissions, Tarrant County College District


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