Your bookmarked countries have an update since your last login. View Bookmarks x

Aug 25, 2021

CR's modified version of graduation is final, the official version is not on the table

The official graduation, which was pushed by Prime Minister Andrej Babiš (YES), would require a change in the law and is not yet on the table, the minister told deputies today during a debate on the form of graduations and the possibilities of resuming full-time teaching in schools.

Learn more »

Aug 20, 2021

Oral high school diplomas in Czech and a foreign language will be optional, exam dates delayed

This year's graduates will not have to pass oral graduation exams in Czech and a foreign language. Graduates who work due to the covid-19 epidemic in hospitals or nursing homes will not even have to take state didactic tests. They will be able to choose them voluntarily. Due to the covid-19 epidemic, the uniform entrance exams for graduation courses will be postponed again this year.

Learn more »

Aug 10, 2021

Graduation didactic tests are waived for some students of distance, combined or evening study

Prime Minister Babiš announced graduation didactic tests will not have to be taken by those students of health and social sciences who have distance, evening or combined study. Other students in these fields have received relief before because they work in hospitals or nursing homes due to the Covid-19 epidemic. At the same time, the Prime Minister asked all graduates for patience.

Learn more »

Jul 23, 2021

CZ House will probably not demand the enactment of the possibility of official school-leaving examinations

The Chamber of Deputies will probably not ask the government to enact the possibility of official school-leaving examinations for this year. Ex-minister of education Kateřina Valachová (ČSSD) rejected a proposal to deal with graduation examinations again. Valachová justified this by the fact that the Minister of Education Robert Plaga refused to comply with the wishes of the lower house to allow official school-leaving examinations by ministerial decree.

Learn more »

Jul 19, 2021

Czech Republic graduates will get the option of one extra repair

In addition, unsuccessful graduates will be given the opportunity to correct their didactic tests in July and correct their practical exam by the end of the summer. The ministry will increase the number of corrective attempts from the usual two to three. If the graduates do not take the tests for the first time at the end of May, they will be able to repair them by July 7-9.

Learn more »

Jul 7, 2021

Czech Republic Minister of Education statement on high school diplomas and distance education

Due to measures against the spread of Covid-19 and due to the declaration of an emergency, the personal presence of pupils and students in primary, secondary and higher vocational education in schools and school facilities are prohibited. Matura exams and final exams are difficult to administer in these conditions so they will be adjusted to a later date.

Learn more »

Jun 18, 2021

CZ government has allowed commission exams, they need graduates who failed in January

The approval of the commission exams, which the government exempted from measures against coronavirus, is intended to pave the way for high school graduations and high school students who did not pass a subject in the first half of the year. The condition for admission to the school-leaving examination is the successful completion of the first half of the school year this yea

Learn more »

Jun 16, 2021

Czech Republic Matura exams 2021: The term remains standard, the style will not be written

The school-leaving examination will continue to be divided into two parts in the 2020/21 school year. The first part of the exam is common and includes a test in Czech language and literature and an optional test in mathematics or a foreign language. The second part of the school-leaving examination is the so-called profile - the school creates it itself according to the study programs.

Learn more »

ARCHIVED COUNTRY STUDY: (PDF)

There is 1 archived country study available. Log in to view them.

Czech Republic

Overview

The Czech Republic, a small country in Central Europe, was the western part of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. The Czech Republic is historically divided into three regions—Bohemia, Moravia and a part of Silesia. Prague is the capital. United into a common state after World War I, the Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks remained together for almost 75 years. On January 1, 1993, the two republics split to form two separate states.

Education

Prior to the separation, each country passed the same higher education reform in 1991. The new laws disbanded central authority of the existing ministries and brought autonomy back to the institutional level. This power included the ability to establish curricula, regulate enrollment and establish new faculties.

The academic year lasts from September to August with a long vacation from June 15 to September 1. The language of instruction is Czech, English and German. Currently, Czech Republic's education system is overseen by the Ministerstvo školství, mládeže a tělovýchovy.

Primary and Secondary Education

Education in the Czech Republic is compulsory from ages 6 through 15. Students enter the primary/basic school where there are two stages of learning—first to fifth year and then sixth to ninth year. Secondary education is offered at 3 types of schools—secondary general schools (gymnasium), secondary technical schools and secondary vocational schools.

Gymnasiums prepare students for study at higher education institutions and or professions. The secondary technical schools and four year or three year follow-up courses at vocational schools prepare students for a wide range of professions, as well as for studies at higher education institutions.

Post-Secondary Education

As an outgrowth of the reform, Bachelor degrees were established and an independent accreditation system was created. Progress over the next seven years resulted in significantly higher enrollments, the creation of a non-university higher education sector, which previously did not exist, the establishment of private institutions and a system that now included both bachelors and masters degrees.

Under the 1998 Higher Education Act, post secondary vocational educational institutions were able to apply for accreditation to award degrees at the bachelor level (or higher) either under the institutional name or under the auspices of a university.

Higher Education is offered at university and non-university type institutions. University level higher education programs offer Bachelor, Master and Doctoral study programs. Tertiary professional schools, even though they are not part of higher education belong to tertiary education and offer professional education leading to a diploma, mostly in economics and health care. Higher education institutions can be of university and non-university type.

The non-university higher education institutions usually offer Bachelor studies and, if accredited, master studies. They are not allowed to provide doctoral study programs. University-type higher education institutions offer Bachelor, Master and in most cases also Doctoral study programs. Higher education institutions offer courses in the Humanities, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Engineering, Medicine and Pharmacy, and Theology, as well as in Economics, Veterinary Medicine, and Agriculture, Teacher Training and Arts. They are public, state or private institutions.

Teacher Training

Basic school teachers are trained at Faculties of Education. Teachers of the first stage of primary school follow a four-year course, those for the second stage follow a five-year course combining two subjects. Those specialized in Music Education are usually graduates of four-year or six-year conservatories. Secondary general school and secondary technical school teachers are trained in Faculties of Education, Arts, Philosophy, Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Physics, Physical Education and Sports, as well as in Technical, Economic and Agricultural Faculties. They obtain their qualifications through Master's degree courses.


THE CONTRIBUTORS

BE A PART OF THE CONVERSATION. JOIN OUR LISTSERV. Subscribe

Upcoming AACRAO Events

On-Demand Learning

Self-Paced | Online

Self-paced courses aligned with our competency and proficiency framework, AACRAO's on-demand training will build your skills and enhance your resume. 

Courses in:

  • Compliance
  • FERPA
  • International
  • and more

Learn More

SEM_2020_1440x400 update

The International Institute

Rescheduled for Early October 2021 | Virtual Event

Replacing the Summer and Winter Institutes, the AACRAO International Institute covers promising practices for the evaluation of international credentials that combines AACRAO’s On-Demand International Series with five, two-hour, virtual instructor-led training sessions.

Learn More
240047_AACRAO_1440x400_LandingPg