Your bookmarked countries have an update since your last login. View Bookmarks x

Aug 10, 2020

Brussels schools did not organise final exams

The 38 primary schools and 17 secondary schools belonging to the Brussels’ School Group did not organise exams at the end of the school year because of the new coronavirus (Covid-19).

Learn more »

ARCHIVED COUNTRY STUDY: (PDF)

There is 1 archived country study available. Log in to view them.

Belgium

Overview

The Kingdom of Belgium is located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea. It shares borders with France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. It is about the size of Maryland and, with a population of slightly more than 10 million people, is one of the most densely populated countries of Europe. The capital of Belgium is Brussels.

On October 4, 1830, Belgium declared its independence from the Netherlands. It is a federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch. As a result of a 1993 constitutional revision, there are three levels of government (federal, regional and linguistic community) with a complex division of responsibilities. The official languages of Belgium are Dutch (60%), French (40%) and German (less than 1%).

Education

Education in Belgium falls under the authority of the linguistic communities—Dutch, French and German. Dutch and French are the predominant languages of instruction. Thus, much of the power over educational policies and their implementation lies with the Cultural Council of the Flemish (Dutch) community and the Cultural Council of the French community.

The Belgian Constitution grants the right of education to everyone. To promote this right, education in Belgium is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 18 years of age. This compulsory education is free of charge. The communities provide pre-school (nursery school), primary school, secondary schools and technical schools. Vocational and technical education begin at the secondary education level, as does art education.

Although the educational system is divided by language, there are some shared requirements. A law passed on 20 January 1981 listed several subjects that are compulsory during primary education. And, since 1989, the core curriculum is very important at the secondary education level. Access to tertiary education is available to anyone who has completed secondary education.

Tertiary education—university education and non-university higher education—in Belgium is the responsibility of the Flemish and French communities. Each community has its own Ministry of Education; please see the Belgium Resource page for further information on the individual ministries. Even so, the traditional structures of tertiary education are similar, with the same degrees/diplomas being awarded by both systems. Now, however, with the introduction of the Bologna Process, this is changing.

The Flemish Parliament passed The Act on the Structure of Higher Education in the Flemish Community on 4 April 2003. This piece of legislation started the process to reform the Flemish higher education system. The old and the new structures will co-exist, with the old structure being gradually phased out by 2011. In March of 2004, the French community adopted a law that re-organizes the higher education system to make it compatible with the European Higher Education Area. The application of the new structure was scheduled to begin in September 2004, with the old structure being phased out by the academic year 2007-2008.


THE CONTRIBUTORS
Jennifer Minke
Jennifer Minke

Assistant Director of Admissions, Tarrant County College District

BE A PART OF THE CONVERSATION. JOIN OUR LISTSERV. Subscribe

Upcoming AACRAO Events

Crises as Catalysts for Transformation

Fall 2020 | virtual conference

Join us this fall for a virtual Strategic Enrollment Management Conference - Crises as Catalysts for Transformation: 2020’s Impact on Higher Education and Enrollment.

This three day, virtual conference will feature models for adapting to change, meeting challenges, and planning strategically post-pandemic.

Explore the SEM Conference
SEM_2020_1440x400 update

106th AACRAO Annual Meeting

March 28 - 31, 2021 | National Harbor, MD

AACRAO’s Annual Meeting is our largest convening of higher education professionals from around the world. Join more than 2,000 administrators in person or online as we work to address the issues facing today’s campuses, share goals and guidelines for meeting those challenges, and provide a forum for learning and sharing experiences.

Explore the Annual Meeting
240047_AACRAO_1440x400_LandingPg