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Latest Country Updates
Jun 29, 2022

Belgium Minister of Education gives indications on end-of-year exams and learning delays

School resumes in Belgium with the Minister of Education announcing an opportunity to lookin into upcoming exams and the learning delays that are still being felt through the health crisis.

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Aug 17, 2021

Another year without exams for students in Wallonia-Brussels Education Network

The organizing power Wallonia-Brussels Education took a position following the recommendation of Minister Désir. With the exception of the external exams and diploma years, the students of the official will not be subjected to any exam next June. Neither repechage session in early September.

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Aug 9, 2021

The modalities of the 2021 CEB and CE1D exams

The Wallonia-Brussels Federation announced that there will be official results and a recalculated score for the CE1D and CESS exams.

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Feb 4, 2021

Belgium’s German-speaking Community cancels exams

Community Education Minister announced that the examinations held in December in secondary schools for Belgium's German-speaking Community is now canceled. This decision comes after consultation with high-school principals managing a hybrid education system for second and third grades (14 to 18 year olds).

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Nov 24, 2020

Syllabus for secondary students will include colonialism, says education minister

Students at Flemish secondary schools will have colonialism as part of their standard curriculum. The history syllabus will include imperialism, colonialism and neo-colonialism and decolonisation. This is the first time these topics will be include in class and examinations.

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Nov 24, 2020

Schools should remain in code yellow, Flemish education minister says

Flemish education minister announced that schools will continue to maneuver in code yellow restrictions even though the number of corona infections detected in schools is currently lower than expected.

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Aug 10, 2020

Brussels schools did not organise final exams

The 38 primary schools and 17 secondary schools belonging to the Brussels’ School Group did not organise exams at the end of the school year because of the new coronavirus (Covid-19).

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The Kingdom of Belgium is located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea. It shares borders with France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. It is about the size of Maryland and, with a population of slightly more than 10 million people, is one of the most densely populated countries of Europe. The capital of Belgium is Brussels.

On October 4, 1830, Belgium declared its independence from the Netherlands. It is a federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch. As a result of a 1993 constitutional revision, there are three levels of government (federal, regional and linguistic community) with a complex division of responsibilities. The official languages of Belgium are Dutch (60%), French (40%) and German (less than 1%).


Education in Belgium falls under the authority of the linguistic communities—Dutch, French and German. Dutch and French are the predominant languages of instruction. Thus, much of the power over educational policies and their implementation lies with the Cultural Council of the Flemish (Dutch) community and the Cultural Council of the French community.

The Belgian Constitution grants the right of education to everyone. To promote this right, education in Belgium is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 18 years of age. This compulsory education is free of charge. The communities provide pre-school (nursery school), primary school, secondary schools and technical schools. Vocational and technical education begin at the secondary education level, as does art education.

Although the educational system is divided by language, there are some shared requirements. A law passed on 20 January 1981 listed several subjects that are compulsory during primary education. And, since 1989, the core curriculum is very important at the secondary education level. Access to tertiary education is available to anyone who has completed secondary education.

Tertiary education—university education and non-university higher education—in Belgium is the responsibility of the Flemish and French communities. Each community has its own Ministry of Education; please see the Belgium Resource page for further information on the individual ministries. Even so, the traditional structures of tertiary education are similar, with the same degrees/diplomas being awarded by both systems. Now, however, with the introduction of the Bologna Process, this is changing.

The Flemish Parliament passed The Act on the Structure of Higher Education in the Flemish Community on 4 April 2003. This piece of legislation started the process to reform the Flemish higher education system. The old and the new structures will co-exist, with the old structure being gradually phased out by 2011. In March of 2004, the French community adopted a law that re-organizes the higher education system to make it compatible with the European Higher Education Area. The application of the new structure was scheduled to begin in September 2004, with the old structure being phased out by the academic year 2007-2008.

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Jennifer Minke

Assistant Director of Admissions, Tarrant County College District


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