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Oct 18, 2022

Problems With Albanian Education Continue as Number of Graduates Continues to Fall

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the education sector in Albania with official data sounding the alarm that the number of students graduating from school is declining. The Gross Graduation Ratio is defined by the number of graduates at a certain age who graduate from a specific level, for example high school or university.

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Jun 23, 2022

Dates of 2022 Albania Matura Exams Revealed

The Ministry of Education has revealed this Tuesday the dates of the state matura exams for 2022. Exam dates will be June 9 for Foreign Language, June 11 for Albanian Language and Literature, June 17 for Mathematics and June 24 for elective courses.

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Nov 1, 2021

Albanian Ministry of Education Postpones Start of Academic Year

The 2021-2022 academic year for pre-university students was pushed back to late September. The country-wide lockdown that lasted between March and May 2020 forced many public schools to shut classes early. The 2020-2021 academic year saw a mix of online schooling and in-person learning with shortened schedules.

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Aug 19, 2021

Grades Threshold on Math's State Matura Exam Lowered after Protests

Albanian Center for Educational Services (QSHA) has published on its official website the decision to reduce the minimum point limit for each grade for the Mathematics exam in the State Matura. This is after multiple days of students protests and a warning from students of an escalation of protests.

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Jul 21, 2021

34,000 High School Seniors to Sit First Matura Exam amid Pandemic

Albania moves forward with their Matura exams - the first compulsory exam will focus on foreign language during high school studies (English, Italian, German, Spanish, French). The second exam will focus on Albanian Language and Literature, while the third exam will be Math.

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Jan 22, 2021

Albanian Students Protest Against Online Learning During COVID-19 Pandemic

The new academic year started on November 2 for all universities. By the decision of the Ministry of Education, over 130,000 students will start their studies online as a measure to prevent the spread of Covid-19.

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Nov 18, 2020

The Matryoshka dolls of the decaying education system

There is something excruciatingly painful when people talk about the education system in Albania. Minister after minister, they inherit a system that gradually decays further and further more.

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Shqiperi (Albania) is located on the Balkan peninsula, with the Adriatic Sea in the west, Serbia and Montenegro to the north, Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. Ruled by the dictator Enver Hoxha from 1946 until his death in 1985, the wave of reform that swept central and eastern Europe in the early 1990s hit Albania in 1991. In 1992, its first non-Communist government since 1944 was appointed by its new president.

During the Communist era, the main goals of education were literacy, accessibility of education to all, and support of the ideals of the “Productive work”, that is, labor performed by students - in the community, in agriculture, and in industry - was an important component of the curriculum, from early childhood through higher education.


A major educational reorganization plan was announced in 1990. The following year, however, a major economic and political crisis in Albania had a severe negative impact on education as well. Vandalism, and shortages of textbooks and supplies had a devastating effect on school operations, prompting Italy and other countries to provide material assistance. The minister of education reported in September 1991 that nearly one-third of the 2,500 schools below the university level had been ransacked and fifteen school buildings razed. Many teachers relocated from rural to urban areas, leaving village schools understaffed and swelling the ranks of the unemployed in the cities and towns; about 2,000 teachers fled the country. The highly structured and controlled educational environment that the Communist regime had cultivated in the course of more than forty years suffered severe damages. The failed pyramid scheme in 1997 caused additional economic chaos and hardship.

In the new democratic system, educational reform has been a priority but the transition has proven difficult as governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and disruptive political opponents. Albania continues to face many challenges as it responds to the need for improvements in its educational system.

Albania's education system is overseen by the Ministria Arsimit Sportit dhe Rinisë.

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Robert Watkins

Special Assistant to the Director, University of Texas at Austin


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