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Latest Country Updates
Jan 29, 2024

DEMRE will publish the results of the PAES this Tuesday: the application process will last 4 days

The Ministry of Education and the Department of Evaluation, Measurement and Educational Registration of the University of Chile (DEMRE), will publish the results of the Higher Education Access Test (PAES).

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Jan 16, 2024

PAES Regular 2023 submission process ended completely normally and with 88% attendance

According to preliminary data, more than 252 thousand applicants took at least one of the PAES Higher Education Access Tests for admission in 2024. In general terms, “it was a process that was developed in complete tranquility, which demonstrates the great work carried out jointly between the Undersecretary of Higher Education, DEMRE and all the application personnel who participate in the implementation of this test,” said the Undersecretary of Higher Education.

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Jan 8, 2024

66% of Brazilian students cannot read texts longer than 10 pages; in Chile, there are more than 100

Revealed this Wednesday (29), a study thoroughly analyzed microdata from Pisa 2018, an international exam taken by students aged 15 and 16. This analysis is the result of a collaboration between the Center for Research in Education, Interdisciplinarity and Evidence in Educational Debate (Iede) and the reading platform Árvore.

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Dec 8, 2023

PAES 2024 Calendar: Test dates and everything you need to know

The Undersecretariat of Higher Education and the Department of Educational Evaluation, Measurement and Registration (DEMRE) reported that there were 287,541 registered to take the Regular PAES on November 27, 28 and 29.

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Apr 5, 2023

Chile's Winter PAES 2023: where to register for the test to be taken in June

Registration for the new Winter Higher Education Access Test (PAES), a test that will be taken on June 19, 20 and 22 and will be part of the 2024 Admission Process.

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Nov 1, 2022

In Chile, more than 275 thousand people registered to take the first PAES

The new Higher Education Access Test will be held on November 28, 29 and 30 without separate groups.

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Sep 26, 2022

The changes that the 2023 admission process brings to Chile's universities

This year, the PAES test will be applied for the first time, to which is added the change of scales and the possibility of applying for 20 career options.

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Jun 30, 2022

Chile's Transition Test can be taken twice a year in 2022

The Ministry of Education announced a historic modification to the higher education admission system. From 2022, the University Transition Test (PTU) can be taken twice a year, the first being in July.

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May 9, 2022

Chile new admission test to Ues. will focus on competencies and will have an elective exam in Mathematics

The latest version of the transition test will be taken in July, so the new university admission format will debut at the end of 2022. Except for Science, the exams will have 65 questions, which include not only "knowledge", but also the "know how", in order to measure knowledge and skills.

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Apr 11, 2022

When and at what time are the Chile's PTU 2022 results published?

Students who took the University Transition Test (Ex Psu) will know the results of their exams in order to start the 2022 University Admission Process and access Higher Education.

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Jan 24, 2022

More than 235 thousand people took Chile's Transition Test

Undersecretary of Higher Education addressed the results of the surrender of the PDT, which was again applied in the context of the pandemic and why the test was carried out in two groups and under sanitary protocols.

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Nov 18, 2021

Chile High School Notes (NEM), the Admission 2022 process

About two months before the University Transition Test (PDT) it is important that young people know their High School Notes (NEM) , facing the Admission 2022 process.

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Nov 9, 2021

Chile Transition Test 2021: Know the dates

The Undersecretariat of Education and the DEMRE of the University of Chile confirmed that there will be an extraordinary period of registration for the Transition Test (PDT). This exam, which replaces the old University Selection Test (PSU) , is the mechanism currently used in Chile to enter higher education.

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Education has been a part of Chilean culture since the colonial period, when town councils and the Catholic Church established a limited number of elementary schools. Subsequently, the higher education system was introduced in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The Universidad de Chile was established in 1842 and based on the previous University of San Felipe. In 1883, following independence, the Instituto Nacional was created for secondary and higher education. During the second half of the nineteenth century, French methodologies strongly influenced growing educational programs, leading to a highly centralized system.

The 1925 constitution established the separation of church and state, upheld the principle of freedom of education and put education under state control. During the late 1920s, public education was reorganized under the newly created Ministry of Education, and the tendencies toward the centralization of education administration and teaching methodologies continued. From the 1920s to the 1970s, primarily in basic education, a tendency toward a scientifically-based methodology that emphasized active teaching centered on student development led to the creation of experimental schools and curricular reforms.

Primary and Secondary Education

Secondary education, on the other hand, began to change in the 1940s from a strictly classically oriented system to one more oriented to the economic development of the country. Vocational-technical education was introduced during this period, and the second public university, Universidad Técnica del Estado, was created. In 1967 the requirement for primary education was increased to grades one through eight, and secondary education (required beginning in 2003) was set at four years, for a total of 12 years of primary and secondary. In the late 1960s normal schools were converted from secondary schools to post-secondary schools. These institutions were subsequently closed by the military government in 1973, and preschool and primary school teacher education was assigned to the universities.

Post-Secondary Education

In addition to the Universidad de Chile and the Universidad Técnica del Estado, 4 private universities had been created by 1950. Although private and autonomous, they received funding from the state and were under the supervision of the Universidad de Chile. As a result, the 14,917 students enrolled in higher education in 1950 paid virtually no tuition. By 1960, two additional universities were created, and this total of 8 universities began opening branch campuses throughout the country. This was the situation until 1980, when the military government implemented a policy of privatization and expansion. As a result, the system of higher education was drastically changed, and the 14 branch campuses of the existing universities were granted university status, making a total of 22 accredited universities. At the same time, legal means were established to create additional universities, as well as 2- to 3-year centros de formación técnica (technical training centers) and 4-year institutos profesionales (professional institutes).

In 1990 the Consejo Superior de Educación was created to work in conjunction with the Ministry of Education to accredit new institutions of higher education. By the turn of the century, approximately 390,000 students were enrolled in higher education.



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