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Nov 17, 2023

In Borneo, GCE ‘O’ Level, IGCSE results out

The difference in average GCSE English and maths results between poorer and richer pupils – the so-called “attainment gap” – is the largest in England in over a decade, according to a recent government analysis.

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Apr 25, 2023

GCE ‘O’ Level results out in Brunei

The Ministry of Education (MoE) through the Department of Examinations released the Brunei-Cambridge GCE ‘O’ Level and International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) October/November 2022 Examination results for thousands of candidates.

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Aug 23, 2021

Registration opens for Brunei-Cambridge, IGCSE examinations

Brunei Examinations Department, Ministry of Education moves forward with their Brunei-Cambridge GCE ‘O’, ‘AS’, ‘A’ Levels and IGCSE Examination in Fall 2021. Exams will take place in October and November.

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May 10, 2021

Brunei's MoE to focus on digital literacy

The Ministry of Education (MoE) is simultaneously developing a digital literacy standard to provide the latest and relevant curriculum to deliver competency and skills required for 21st Century students.

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Negara Brunei Darussalam (The Sultanate of Brunei) is located on the north coast of the island of Borneo which is shared with Malaysia and Indonesia. The population is 381,371 and the literacy rate is 92.7%. Malay is the official language, but English and Chinese are also spoken.

The Sultanate of Brunei was established in the 14th century AD and included the coastal regions of the present-day Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah. In 1888, the Sultan signed a treaty with England, and Brunei became a British protectorate. Brunei was occupied by the Japanese during World War II. In 1929, oil was discovered in Brunei and is the source of the country's wealth and gives it one of the highest gross domestic products in the world. Brunei was granted independence on January 1, 1984.


Education in Brunei is overseen by the Ministry of Education.

Primary Education

Education is free and compulsory from ages 5 to 12. Primary school is 6 years beginning at age 6. At the end of the 6th year, students sit for the Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (PSR).

Secondary Education

Based on the results of the PSR, students are placed in a general or vocational (Level II) secondary school program. Lower secondary school is 3 years.

Program Menengah Vokasional (PMV) (Vocational upper secondary school) is 2 years and leads to National Vocational Certificate (NVC) in clerical studies or the National Trade Certificate Grade 3 (NTC3).

Academic upper secondary school is 2 years. At the end of the 2nd year, students sit for an external examination leading to the Brunei-Cambridge Certificate of Education Ordinary Level. Students have the option of continuing on in a 2-year program leading to the Brunei-Cambridge Advanced Level Certificate of Education which is required for admission to the Universiteti Brunei Darussalam.

Post-Secondary Education

Post-secondary education is offered at the Universiteti Brunei Darussalam and several other institutions. The Universiteti Brunei Darussalam is currently the only university-level institution in Brunei, although the Institut Teknologi Brunei was granted university status in 2008 and will begin offering degree programs. It currently offers 2.5-year programs leading to the Higher National Diploma (HND). It also has twinning programs with universities in Australia that lead to a Bachelor of Engineering (Honours). Students spend the first 2 years in Brunei and the final 2 years at a university in Australia which issues the diploma.

First Cycle

First-level university programs are 4 years and lead to a Bachelor and Bachelor (Honours). Admission requires sufficient passes on both the Brunei-Cambridge Certificate of Education Ordinary Level and the Brunei-Cambridge Advanced Level Certificate of Education.

Beginning with the 2009 - 2010 academic year, Universiteti Brunei Darussalam will implement generationNEXT undergraduate degrees that integrate employment and study abroad experiences in all degree programs. The programs will be 4 years and will lead to Bachelor (Honours) degrees.

Second and Third Cycles

Graduate programs are 1 - 2 years following a Bachelors and lead to a Masters degree. The first cohort of students in doctoral programs will enroll in the 2009 - 2010 academic year.

Teacher Training

Primary and secondary school teachers must hold a Bachelor of Education.



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