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Sep 18, 2020

Canadian Medical Students Demand Change After ‘Inhumane’ Exam Conditions

Graduating medical school students are required to take part one of the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Exam (MCCQE) at some point during their first year of residency. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, students will now have to take the exam online which has resulted in several difficulties.

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Sep 4, 2020

School Reopening Plans, Province By Province

As schools resume across Canada in September, changes are being implemented province by province to protect students and teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Prime Minister announced $2 billion in support for provinces and territories to ensure the safety of students and staff members throughout the school year.

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Sep 4, 2020

COVID-19 and changes to postgraduate medical education in Canada

Postgraduate medical education in Canada drastically changed due to COVID-19. This article identifies key issues that medical schools and residents face in this new paradigm of medical education.

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Canada: Newfoundland and Labrador


Located in North America, Canada is comprised of ten provinces and three territories. It is the world's second largest country in geographic size, yet its population is over 32,805,000 - slightly less than that of California. In terms of its natural resources, Canada is the world's second richest country on a per-capita basis, behind Australia.

Most of the population lives in the southern part of the country, and over 75 percent live in metropolitan areas. Among the largest cities are: Toronto, Ontario; Montréal, Québec; Vancouver, British Columbia; Ottawa, Ontario; Hull, Québec; and Edmonton, Alberta.

Canada's indigenous population is referred to as the Indians or First Nations. In fact, Canada is an Iroquis word for "community." French and English are the country's official languages, reflecting the Canada's early colonial history. Since the second half of the 18th century when the British ousted France from Canada, the country's main political and ethnic ties have been with the United Kingdom. Increased immigration from Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries boosted Canada's ethnic diversity, and since the 1970s, most immigrants have come from Asia.

Canada gained full independence in 1931, although it is still a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. It is both a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. Canada's official head of state is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, although its citizens directly elect legislatures at the federal, provincial and territorial levels.

Manufacturing and resource-related industries are the foundation of Canada's economy. Transportation equipment is the leading manufacturing industry. However, most Canadians work in service occupations.

Canada's educational system, along with the language of instruction - English or French - varies according to each province. There is no centralized education ministry. Instead, provincial governments administer education, although church-run schools exist throughout the provinces.

Geographically, the eastern Canadian provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador are connected, but they are actually two distinct areas. Newfoundland is the island located at the mouth of the St. Lawrence River in the Atlantic Ocean, and Labrador is part of the mainland peninsula.

A colony of Great Britain throughout the nineteenth century, Newfoundland achieved Dominion status in 1907, continuing in that capacity until after World War II. In 1949 Newfoundland officially joined Canada as the tenth province. In December 2001, the province changed its name formally to the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador. As with the other provinces of Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador's education system is provincially funded.


The education system follows a kindergarten through twelfth grade year pattern with opportunities for students to continue their post-secondary education through a university, a community college network of campuses, private training institutions or distance education programs. Their education system has not remained static; their secondary and tertiary academic and vocational and training programs are continually updated to stay current with other education systems in the world.

The education system also meets the needs of its widely dispersed population who want to attain vocational and occupational training through training centers and distance education. The system has utilized the latest in electronic technology and telecommunications networking to reach different areas of the island and province.

Memorial University (the “only” university) meets academic needs awarding bachelor's to advanced degrees, while at the same time supporting distance learning and expanding an “affiliate” with the Fisheries and Marine Institute that provides apprenticeship and diploma programs for students to work alongside with businesses in the area.

Although considered non-university and postsecondary studies at the technical/vocational level, the public (community) college does offer transfer credit for an academic program to the university.

Newfoundland and Labrador participate in an online Transfer Guide which provides current information for ease of transfer not only at the university level, but at all levels from secondary programs, non-traditional programs and community college.

At the same time, their education system is receptive to study for international students and many study abroad exchange opportunities.



Upcoming AACRAO Events

Crises as Catalysts for Transformation

Fall 2020 | virtual conference

Join us this fall for a virtual Strategic Enrollment Management Conference - Crises as Catalysts for Transformation: 2020’s Impact on Higher Education and Enrollment.

This three day, virtual conference will feature models for adapting to change, meeting challenges, and planning strategically post-pandemic.

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106th AACRAO Annual Meeting

March 28 - 31, 2021 | National Harbor, MD

AACRAO’s Annual Meeting is our largest convening of higher education professionals from around the world. Join more than 2,000 administrators in person or online as we work to address the issues facing today’s campuses, share goals and guidelines for meeting those challenges, and provide a forum for learning and sharing experiences.

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