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  • Is this school accredited/approved/recognized?
    • AACRAO as a body does not approve any institutions. An institution must be recognized by the relevant body or authority in its own country to be considered recognized/approved.
    • The International Activities Listserv is an excellent place to ask your colleagues about their experiences with the school and country, in general. Whenever you have useful information or suggestions, please share with your colleagues! Your experience is valuable and helpful to others.
    • AACRAO EDGE subscribers can navigate to the appropriate country and look in the Resources section for information on recognition bodies and lists of institutions maintained in-country. Also, some static lists have been posted in Institutions in Resources. It is always a best practice to use the most recent information available when evaluating the status of an institution, rather than a static list.
  • I don’t see this credential within EDGE. Can you help me better understand this?
    • This is an excellent question to pose to our IESC (International Education Standards Council) which determines academic placement suggestions for foreign credentials as well as grading scale equivalency suggestions. Please submit this question to to ensure this goes before the IESC.
  • How much transfer credit should we award for this credential?
  • Can you provide some background information on a particular topic?
    • The International Activities Listserv would be a fantastic place to find an expert in a particular area. There is a wide range of professionals participating that may be able to answer your questions; this is an excellent opportunity to learn from more experienced colleagues and share best practices and information with colleagues who are still developing their evaluation techniques.
    • Email your question to to get started.
  • Who posts on the International Activities Listserv and how do I sign up and start posting?
  • How did you come up with the grading scales for this particular system?
    • Grade conversions are developed based on a number of factors. For example, the native grading system is taken into consideration, including what the grade represents in the country of study, the distribution of grades there, and whether it is a criterion-referenced system (set against a predetermined standard) or a norm-referenced system (set against other student performances). Some educational systems may have a marginal/conditional pass, which would be regarded as comparable to a grade of D in the United States. Such a grade, however is non-existent in other systems. Similarly, some countries may have a centralized, standardized grading scale, while others may have a variety of grading schemes. During this process, the minimum passing grade, the failing grade, and the top grade are also noted, along with the overall range of grades that make up a particular scale. This information is then collectively used to establish US grade equivalencies. Although the recommended grade conversions are provided in EDGE, users are always advised to check if a grading scale has been provided on the transcript of record for the studies in question.
  • What is this document that I’m looking at? Can I send you a copy of it?
    • If you would like to submit a document to the IESC for review, it is important that you redact the document to protect individual student privacy.
    • If the document is not yet in EDGE, we will need to do additional research before we can answer your question.
  • I disagree with your assessment of this credential.
  • I don’t see the answer to my question here; how can I contact you?
    • Please email us at Include your name and your association/school in addition to your question.
  • Are Screenshots of EDGE allowed?

    EDGE is copyrighted material. Violations of the terms of use will cancel subscription with no refund and may incur legal action. The terms of use for previous versions of EDGE strictly prohibited subscribers using screenshots of EDGE as supporting material.  We have reconsidered this policy in EDGE 3.0.

    A screenshot is for referential purposes is allowed by subscribers if properly attributed. A proper attribution looks like this: 
    <<,insert entity>> is a paid subscriber to the AACRAO Electronic Database for Global Education (EDGE) and is sharing this information as a reference to an evaluation. Other use is strictly prohibited.
    “AACRAO EDGE <<insert country>> Profile.” <<insert country>>, AACRAO EDGE, <<insert access date>>, <<insert weblink to main profile>>.

    The AACRAO Electronic Database for Global Education (EDGE) is available to subscribers only. This rendering of a page in EDGE was created on the above date as a reflection of the database on that day. Users understand that the database is dynamic and credential advice is subject to change. Information and suggestions contained within are modified after additional research has been completed. New placement recommendations are reviewed and approved by the International Education Standards Council (IESC). Copyright © 2004 - 2020 American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers.


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