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Mar 24, 2022

Registrations for the Madagascar baccalaureate closed

The 2022 baccalaureate session will be held from July 18 to 22, 2022 for all series and specialties. In the week of July 25 to 28, 2022, it will continue with the second part of the tests for the technological, technical and professional series.

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Dec 14, 2021

Madagascar Baccalaureate 2021: A success rate of 81.83%

At the end of the two sessions of the unified national examination (normal and catch-up), the success rate in the scientific and technical branches was 79.45% on all the candidates present, indicated the Ministry of National Education, Vocational Training, Higher Education and Scientific Research.

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Jan 7, 2021

Baccalaureate time after a school year disrupted by the Covid-19

Baccalaureate exams continue on in Madagascar as the country reported nearly 17,000 cases of Covid-19 (include 238 deaths) and after an exam subject scandal between teachers and candidates.

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Jan 6, 2021

Three baccalaureate candidates alleged to have shared false topics in Tana

The dissemination of false subjects of the current baccalaureate examination continues as they were published on social networks that affected localities - Antalaha, Ihorombe and Antananarivo.

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The Repoblikan'i Madagasikara/République de Madagascar (Republic of Madagascar) is an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa east of Mozambique and southeast of Comoros. It is the 4th largest island in the world. The population is 20,042,552 and the literacy rate is 68.9%. English, French and Malagasy are the official languages.

The first evidence of human settlement on Madagascar occurred sometime between the 2nd and 6th centuries AD. In the 7th century, Arab traders established settlements on the coast. The first European to visit the area was Diogo Dias, a Portuguese explorer who arrived in 1500 after his ship was separated from a group on its way to India. Portugal established several trading posts on the island following Dias' discovery. By the late 17th century, France had also established a trading post on the island's east coast.

In 1817, after a treaty between the Malagasy royal family and England that abolished the slave trade, Madagascar received financial and military assistance from England. As a result of a French invasion in 1883, England agreed, in 1890, to Madagascar becoming a French protectorate. On October 14, 1958, the Malagasy Republic became an autonomous state within the French Republic, and France granted independence to Madagascar on June 26, 1960.


The language of instruction in Madagascar is French, but a pilot program to introduce English as a language of instruction in primary school has been initiated. The Ministère de l'Éducation Nationale et de l'Enseignement Technique et Professionnel serves as the country's Ministry of Education.

Primary Education

Education is free and compulsory from ages 6 to 11, although most students remain in school for 9 years. École primaire (Primary school) is 5 years beginning at age 6 and leads to the Certificat d'Études Primaires Elémentaires (CEPE).

Secondary Education

Collège d'enseignment general/technique (Lower secondary school) is 4 years. Upon successful completion of the program, students are awarded a Brevet d'Études du Premier Cycle (BEPC).

Lycée d'enseignement général (General upper secondary school) is 3 years. At the end of the 3rd year, students sit for an external examination leading to the Baccalauréat de l'Enseignement Secondaire.

Lycée d'Enseignement technique (Vocational/technical upper secondary) is also 3 years. At the end of the 3rd year, students sit for an external examination leading to the Baccalauréat de l'Enseignement Technique.

Post-Secondary Education

Post-secondary programs are offered at universities, higher institutes, and teacher training schools. Technical programs are 3 years and lead to the Brevet de Technicien Supérieur (BTS).

First Cycle

First-cycle university programs require a Baccalauréat de l'Enseignement Secondaire for admission. They are 2 years and lead to the Diplôme de Fin d'Études du Premier Cycle en Droit/Economie/Sociologie, Diplôme Universitaire d'Etudes Littéraires (DUEL), or a Diplôme Universitaire d'Études Scientifiques (DUES). Programs leading to the Licence are a further year following a first-cycle program.

Second Cycle

The Maîtrise is one year following a Licence. Engineering programs are 5 years and lead to the Diplôme d'Ingénieur and require a Baccalauréat de l'Enseignement Secondaire for admission.

Graduate programs are 1 - 2 years and lead to Diplôme d'Études Supérieures Specialisées (DESS), Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA), or the Diplôme d'Études Supérieures (DES). A Maîtrise is required for admission to these programs.

Third Cycle

Doctoral programs require at least one year of coursework and research. A Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA) is required for admission. After successful defense of a dissertation, students are awarded a Doctorat de Troisième Cycle (3rd Cycle Doctorate) or Doctor d'État (State Doctor).

Teacher Training

Primary school teachers are trained in a 2-year program at an École normale d'Instituteur (primary school teacher training school) leading the Diplôme d'Instituteur. Admission requires a Brevet d'Études du Premier Cycle (BEPC), but a Baccalauréat may be required in the future.

Lower secondary school teachers are trained in a 3-year program. A Baccalauréat is required for admission. General upper secondary school teachers are trained in a 5-year program at an école normale supérieure (higher teacher training school) within a university. Upon successful completion of the program, students are awarded a Certificat d'Aptitude Pédagogique de l'École Normale (CAPEN).



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