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Aug 23, 2023

Schools shut, exams cancelled: War shatters Sudan's education sector

Sudan's conflict, which began in mid-April, has pushed Sudan's faltering education system into a state of collapse, with many schools shut down or repurposed to host displaced people, and most national end-of-year exams canceled.

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Jul 20, 2022

Education resumes in Sudan, including exams

The Director-General of the Ministry of Education in North Darfur, announced the resumption of studies in all schools in the state as of next Sunday, with exams to start for all education levels. Education throughout Sudan has been disrupted in recent months after strikes over pay and security issues.

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Jun 28, 2022

Sudan Teachers' Strike Threatens Basic and Secondary School Exams

The ongoing strike by Sudan's teachers is set to continue, as educators threaten to boycott basic and secondary certificate exams if the demands are not met.

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Nov 25, 2021

Printing backlog delays start of Sudan’s school year

Sudan’s school year is to begin 20 days later than anticipated, owing to delays in printing books for the intermediate classes. The school year will now run until June 2, 2022, and a three-tier education system will align Sudan with other countries in the region.

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Feb 5, 2021

Sudan school year postponed until COVID-19 precautions are in place

Sudan Higher Committee for Health Emergencies decided to postpone the opening of schools until further notice.

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Sudan is a country about a quarter of the size of the United States located between Egypt and Ethiopia with a border on the Red Sea. The modern Sudan, with its defined borders, has only been in existence since the beginning of this century; however, the area has been inhabited for at least nine million years. The early years of northern Sudan were enmeshed with Egypt. In the late 1800s the British established joint rule of Sudan with Egypt. Sudan gradually gained its independence and completely won it in 1956.

This large North African country has been entangled in civil war for most of its independent existence. The wars are between the dominating Arab, Muslim inhabitants of the north and the non-Muslim, non-Arab Sudanese of the south. The rulers of Sudan are military elite and Islamic party members that came into power through a coup in 1989.


State education was introduced by the British at the beginning of the 20th Century. The Ministry of Education as well as the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research oversee Sudan's education system.

Primary Education

State education currently includes eight years of foundation level study called Basic Education which is compulsory. Completion of Basic Education leads to the Basic Education Certificate.

Secondary Education

This is followed by three years of secondary study after which students sit for the Sudan Higher Secondary School Certificate. Technical secondary schools are available for students who do not wish to continue in the academic track. Seventy-two percent of the male population over the age of fifteen can read and write and 50 percent of the female population can read and write.

Post-Secondary Education

Higher education is available through both private and state universities and technical colleges. Education is available at the undergraduate, graduate and doctoral level.

First Cycle

Universities offer four-year general degrees and five-year honours degrees as well as some shorter diploma programs. Non-university post-secondary educational specialized technical institutes also provide shorter term diploma programs, mainly in engineering and business.

Second and Third Cycles

Universities offer post-graduate programs such as one-year PG Diplomas following a Bachelor's, master's degrees of 1-2 years duration and a PhD which requires up to three years of study in addition to research leading to a thesis.

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Robert Watkins

Special Assistant to the Director, University of Texas at Austin


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