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Latest Country Updates
Jun 19, 2023

In Spain, Ministry of Education paralyzes the new EBAU for "responsibility" before the early call for elections

The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training has decided to paralyze the approval of the royal decree of the new Evaluation of the Baccalaureate for University Access (EBAU), whose implementation was to begin in the 2023-2024 academic year, after the President of the Government , Pedro Sánchez, has announced the early call for general elections and the dissolution of the Cortes.

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May 18, 2023

Spain Ministry of Education backtracks and eliminates the maturity test in the new Selectividad

The ministry directed by Pilar Alegría leaves out this controversial test, increases the time of the exams from 90 to 105 minutes and includes a third review.

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May 1, 2023

Madrid announces new tests so that those over 18 years of age can obtain Secondary

The Community of Madrid has convened new free tests so that those over 18 years of age can obtain the Compulsory Secondary Education title with the aim of acquiring the basic elements for their incorporation into subsequent studies or for their labor insertion.

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Apr 26, 2023

In Galicia, new dates for the evaluations of ESO, baccalaureate and current course cycles

The extraordinary final evaluation sessions for high school students and the first year of basic training cycles and the final evaluation session for compulsory secondary education students must be carried out as of June 22, 2023.

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Jan 25, 2023

Spain's new selectivity is postponed until the academic year 2027-2028

The new model of Evaluation of the Baccalaureate for University Access , better known as EBAU or selectivity , which the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MEFP) had proposed to launch in the 2026-2027 academic year, will be extended for another year .

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Nov 2, 2022

Spain's maturity test that will be worth 75% of the Selectivity and will integrate several subjects

The implementation of the new Selectivity will be done from the 2023/2024 academic year and will be gradual until it is completely applied in 2026/2027.

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Sep 28, 2022

These are the institutes of Cádiz with General Baccalaureate for the 2022/2023 academic year

The next school year comes with a novelty in the classroom: the General Baccalaureate. The progressive application of the LOMLOE approved by the Government of Sánchez in 2020 thus introduces a significant novelty this year.

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Aug 30, 2022

More than 1,200 people register for the exams to obtain the ESO and Bachiller degrees

A total of 1,212 people have registered to participate in Córdoba in the tests to obtain the title of Graduate in Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) for people over 18 years of age and Bachelor's degrees for people over 20 years of age, which will take place simultaneously in all provinces.

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Aug 3, 2022

All ESO students will be able to study philosophy next year in Spain

The 17 autonomies will offer the subject as an elective in the third or fourth year of secondary school. With the new curriculum, in addition, the subjects related to the discipline will increase from one to three.

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Jul 28, 2022

Spain's "star" modality of the new configuration of the Baccalaureate

The General modality will incorporate scientific, humanistic, socioeconomic and artistic subjects.

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Jul 4, 2022

Spain Education publishes the school calendar for the 2022-2023 academic year

Spain Education publishes the school calendar for the 2022-2023 academic year. The resolution will apply to all public and private centers that provide early childhood education, primary education, compulsory secondary education, high school, vocational training, adult education, and more.

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Jun 24, 2022

Spain Ministry of Education green light to the new Baccalaureate that allows to obtain the title with a suspense

The Council of Ministers has approved, at the proposal of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, the Royal Decree establishing the organization and the minimum teachings of Baccalaureate. These changes will be implemented in the academic year 2022-2023 for the 1st year of Baccalaureate and in the 2023-2024 academic year for the 2nd year.

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May 6, 2022

Spain students will face a more flexible EBAU in the next 2 years

Courses 21/22 and 22/23 will have a more flexible Baccalaureate Assessment for University Access (EBAU) similar to that of exercise 20/21. The Ministry of Education has proposed to the autonomous communities to maintain during this academic year and the following one the formula used the previous year.

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Apr 28, 2022

Spain's new Celaá law forces 1,500 students to change their Baccalaureate in the middle of the course

A change in the regulations of the new LOMLOE forces students to start a new modality or change subjects

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Apr 19, 2022

Spain's Selectivity 2022: find out when and how it will be

There are a few months left before the Baccalaureate Assessment for University Access (EBAU) is held, the test that will be held between June 6 and 17 in ordinary call in all autonomous communities.

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Apr 8, 2022

Spain education raises the requirements of the Celaá Law to obtain graduate and high school degrees in Andalusia

The draft of the Ministry includes minimums such as having passed at least 60 percent of the core subjects of ESO. It will be possible to pass the baccalaureate with a suspended subject but the average between all the subjects must be equal to or greater than 5.

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Jan 12, 2022

There is no longer a limit of failures to pass the course or graduate in Spain's ESO

The evaluation decree approved turns repetition into something exceptional and liquidates recoveries in compulsory education.

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Jan 3, 2022

Spain Ministry of Education will eliminate this year's high school recovery exams

This course there will be no make-up exams for Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) students. The Ministry of Education is forced to end the change to comply with the opinion issued by the Council of State on this issue, according to sources from the department of Pilar Alegría.

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Dec 27, 2021

New subjects and schedules in Spain's ESO

The draft decree of Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) establishes the curriculum of the subjects to be studied in this stage. It also establishes the minimum hours that must be given for each of the 19 subjects in the institutes.

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Oct 1, 2021

Spain Ministry of Education approves calendar for 2021-2022

Classes will begin on September 9 in Infant and Primary and on September 14 in Secondary and the rest of the teachings. The priority in the elaboration has been to bring the positions of the entire educational community closer together.

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Located in southwestern Europe, Spain has a rich history that contributed much to the modern-day country. A member of the European Union, Spain is also the EU country closest to Africa, as it is separated from Morocco by the 8-mile Strait of Gibraltar.

Spain was originally inhabited by Celts, Iberians, and Basques, and became a part of the Roman Empire in 206 B.C., when it was conquered by Scipio Africanus. In 711, the Muslims under Jabal Tariq entered Spain from Africa, and, within a few years had completely conquered the country. In 732, the Franks, led by Charles Martel, defeated the Muslims near Poitiers, thus preventing the further expansion of Islam in southern -Europe. In 1478, the Inquisition rooted-out those who had not converted to Christianity. By 1502, most Jews and Muslims had been expelled.

Through a long era of exploration, discovery, and colonization, Spain amassed tremendous wealth and a vast colonial empire throughout North, Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean and what is now Morocco. In World War I, Spain maintained a position of neutrality. In 1923, Gen. Miguel Primo de Rivera became dictator. In 1930, King Alfonso XIII revoked the dictatorship, but a strong anti-monarchist and republican movement led to his leaving Spain in 1931. On July 18, 1936, Francisco Franco Bahamonde led a mutiny against the government. The civil war that followed lasted three years and cost the lives of nearly a million people. The war ended when Franco took Madrid on March 28, 1939. Franco became head of the state, national chief of the Falange Party (the governing party), and prime minister and caudillo (leader). In a referendum in 1947, the Spanish people approved a Franco-drafted succession law declaring Spain a monarchy again. Franco, however, continued as chief of state. In 1969, Franco and the Cortes ("states") designated Prince Juan Carlos Alfonso Victor María de Borbón to become king of Spain when the provisional government headed by Franco came to an end. Franco died on Nov. 20, 1975, and Juan Carlos was proclaimed king.

Under pressure from Catalonian and Basque nationalists, Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez granted home rule to these regions in 1979. Spain joined the European Economic Community, now the European Union, in 1986.


Spain's first comprehensive public education plan was contained in the Ley Moyano (Moyano Law of 1857). It remained basically unchanged until 1970, when the General Law on Education was passed. Since then many other education reforms have taken place. Currently, the Ministerio de Educación y Formación Profesional determines educational decisions and practices.

Historically, the state and the Roman Catholic Church have clashed over education. Spain still has a large private education sector, almost all of which is Catholic, but since the 1960s, the predominance of the State has been clearly established, especially in secondary education. In the 1980s the Catholic schools, most of which received substantial subsidies from the State, were subjected to closer government control, and religious education was removed as an obligatory subject. With regional autonomy, control over education in some parts of the country was transferred from the central to regional governments. As a result, the study of the Catalan, Galician, and Euskera languages became obligatory in their respective regions.

After 1960, there was a dramatic increase in the availability of schooling at all levels. The change was greatest with regards to universities. Until 1960, there were only 12 universities in the country, and higher education was the privilege of a very small elite. By the end of the 20th century, there were more than 60 public and private universities, some of which were operated by the Catholic Church. Access to a university education became more democratic as well: in the 1980s almost half of Spain's university students had parents who had received no more than an elementary school education. By the late 1990s about half of Spain's college-age population was attending a university. One of the world's oldest universities, the Universidad de Salamanca, was founded in 1218.

The official language of Spain is Spanish and all education is taught in the Spanish language. However, in the Autonomous Communities, the co-official language of the area (Catalan, Galician, Valencian, and Euskera [Basque]) is mandatory at the primary and secondary levels.

Primary and Secondary Education

Under the Education Reform Act of 1990, primary education was set for six years and Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO) (compulsory secondary education) for four years from ages 12 to 16. ESO is divided into two, two-year cycles, one from ages 12 to 14, and one from ages 14 to 16. It leads to the Graduado en Educación Secundaria certificate. This certificate is required for both Bachillerato (higher secondary) studies and Ciclo Formativo de Grado Medio (intermediate vocational training), both of which are of two year programs of study. Bachillerato students who have completed all subjects successfully are awarded the Título de Bachillerato. There are 5 types of bachilleratos: Bachillerato de Humanidades, Bachillerato de Ciencias de la Naturaleza y la Salud, Bachillerato Tecnológico, Bachillerato de Ciencias Sociales, and Bachillerato de Arte. Students who wish to continue in university must sit for the entrance examination, Prueba de Acceso a la Universidad.Prior to the 1990 reform, students had to complete an additional year of study in a Curso de Orientación Universitaria (university orientation course) following Bachillerato studies.

In intermediate vocational training, students who successfully complete their two years of training are awarded a Certificado de Técnico in the relevant field. This certificate enables them to work in areas related to their training, to pursue further training, or study for a Bachillerato.

In 2006, the Ley Orgánica de Educación (LOE) (Organic Law of Education) was passed and it repealed all previous legislation affecting primary and secondary education. It provides educational quality at all levels, makes both families and schools responsible for school success, and will allow Spain to meet the educational objectives of the European Union. Its gradual implementation began in the 2006-07 academic year and will be completed in the 2009-10 academic year when a new university admission examination is introduced.

Post-Secondary Education

The most recent reform law affecting university education, the Ley Organica de Universidades (LOU) (Universities Organic Law) was enacted in 2001, and reorganized Spain's system of higher education along the lines of the Bologna Declaration. By 2010, all universities degrees conformed with the Bologna Declaration.

First Cycle

Higher education is divided into three stages. Stage 1 comprises short-cycle degree programs offered at escuelas universitarias (university schools) that last 3 years and are generally professional in nature. Following completion of a Stage 1 program, students are awarded the diplomado.

Second Cycle

Stage 2 programs, or long-cycle as they are known, represent from 5 to 6 years of university study (2 to 3 years beyond the diplomado), and lead to the licenciado, or second university degree. The first 2 to 3 years consist of general education plus studies in a major field; the second cycle requires 2 to 3 years of further specialization and leads to the licenciado.

Third Cycle

Stage 3, or the third level university degree, is known as the doctorado, and requires an additional 2 or more years of course work plus the defense of a dissertation.


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