Your bookmarked countries have an update since your last login. View Bookmarks x

Latest Country Updates
Sep 6, 2023

Egypt’s Thanaweya Amma exam results out

Thanaweya Amma (final school year) students will be able to obtain their final exam results for school year 2022/23.

Learn more »

Mar 27, 2023

Egypt's education ministry offers Thanaweya Amma mock exams

Egypt's Ministry of Education is offering mock tests for Thanawaya Amma students designed after the newest examination module and covering all the subjects of the high school final year.

Learn more »

Mar 21, 2023

Egypt’s education ministry announces Thanaweya Amma exam structure

Minister of Education Reda Hegazy announced the structure and marking guidelines for Thanaweya Amma exams – high school exams – for school year 2022/23.

Learn more »

Mar 16, 2023

Thanaweya Amma exams start in June 2023

Thanaweya Amma exams for the academic year 2022/2023 will start in Egypt on Saturday, June 10.

Learn more »

Dec 2, 2022

Egypt to reinstate short essay questions in Thanaweya Amma exams

Minister of Education Reda Hegazy announced that short essay questions will be reinstated in the Thanaweya Amma exams, as part of the state's recent efforts to promote learning through comprehension over memorisation.

Learn more »

Nov 22, 2022

Success rate in Egypt’s high school exams is 75.04%

The Minister of Education and Technical Education in Egypt announced the results of the general certificate of secondary education – Thanaweya Amma – for the academic year 2021-2022. Success rate in this year’s exams is 75.04 percent, which is higher than last year.

Learn more »

Nov 16, 2022

No more 99.9 per cent with Egypt's new Thanaweya Amma exam system

The new Thanaweya Amma exam system has put an end to over-inflated grades.

Learn more »

Sep 9, 2022

Egypt school year to start late September

Egypt's 2022/2023 school year will begin on 24 September and end on 8 June, Minister of Education Tarek Shawki said on Thursday, saying that the final results of the Thanaweya Amma (high school) exams will be announced by the end of the first week in August.

Learn more »

Sep 8, 2022

Withheld Thanaweya Amma results to be announced later, grievances start

Minister of Education Tarek Shawki said Thanaweya Amma (high school) students can appeal their grades, while the withheld results due to suspected mass cheating cases will be announced after concluding the investigations, which would take a week or 10 days.

Learn more »

Aug 30, 2022

Egypt's 2022 Thanaweya Amma final exams postponed for two weeks

The Thanaweya Amma (high school) final exams for the academic year 2021/22 will be postponed for two weeks.

Learn more »

Apr 29, 2022

Students in the region continue to face testing times

According to UNESCO, the education of more than 1.5 billion students in 165 countries was interrupted as a result of university and school closures caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Learn more »

Apr 5, 2022

2,179 Egyptian students in Ukraine file for transfer to Egyptian universities

A total of 2,179 Egyptian students enrolled in Ukrainian universities have filled out a government form to transfer to private and national Egyptian universities, Minister of Emigration Nabila Makram.

Learn more »

Mar 30, 2022

Egypt to apply new bifurcated system for high school students as of 2022

Egypt’s Education Minister Tarek Shawki said that a new bifurcated education system will be applied for high school students as of the next academic year, a step that aims to improve the pre-university stage of education.

Learn more »

Jan 18, 2022

Egypt denies unvaccinated university students access to first term exams

Egyptian university students will be denied access to first term exams next month unless they can show proof of Covid-19 vaccination or a negative PCR test.

Learn more »

Jan 13, 2022

Egypt's 2021 Education overhaul

The Ministry of Education continued its efforts to modernise the Egyptian education system by introducing new techniques in teaching and examining K-12 students.

Learn more »

Jan 10, 2022

Egypt’s 2021 Thanaweyya Amma exams concluded amid irregular conditions

About 392,863 students in the scientific and mathematical steams took their final Thanaweya Amma (school leaving) exam, amid unusual conditions due to the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The Thanaweyya Amma graduation rate records 74% for academic year 2020-2021.

Learn more »

Nov 1, 2021

A First in Decades: No Full Marks and Low GPAs in Thanaweya Amma Results

Egypt’s Education Minister Tarek Shawki revealed that this year’s results are lower than last year and all the previous years, which therefore lowers the minimum requirement for university admission.

Learn more »

Oct 6, 2021

Schools in Egypt flourishing with Tokkatsu system

The Japanese education system, Tokkatsu, continues to flourish in Egypt as the country had 48 schools that used the system during the last academic school year.

Learn more »

Aug 24, 2021

Egypt and UAE collaborate to develop certified online education system

Egyptian and Emirati officials discussed collaborations to develop the content of the Digital School to provide a certified high-tech online education to reach students in disadvantaged communities across the world.

Learn more »

Aug 16, 2021

Egypt's cabinet withdraws Thanaweya Amma law from parliament

Speaker of Egypt's parliament Hanafi Gibali that the government has decided to withdraw ten draft laws from parliament, including one that was aimed at changing the system of the country's high school certificate. The move came after a majority of deputies in the Senate and the House of Representatives rejected the law.

Learn more »


There are 2 archived country studies available. Log in to view them.



The Arab Republic of Egypt is located on the northeast Mediterranean coast of Africa. It is bordered by Libya, Sudan, the Red Sea, Israel and Gaza. The population is estimated at 80,335,036 and the literacy rate is 74%. The majority of Egyptians are Sunni Muslim with large Coptic and Christian populations. Arabic is the official language with Berber and Coptic also spoken; English and French is widely spoken among educated Egyptians.

There has been human habitation in Egypt since the Paleolithic area. Egypt became part of the Byzantine empire in the 7th century, but in 639 AD was invaded by Muslim Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language. The Suez Canal was completed in 1869 and Egypt became a world transportation and trading hub. Egypt became a British protectorate in 1882 until it gained full independence after World War II.


Religious authorities have historically provided basic education in the local mosque schools. In 1970, the Higher Islamic studies were founded at the Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo. The oldest university in the world is Al-Azhar University which was founded in 988 AD. The Al-Azhar University provides a network of religious schools which parallels the state educational system. A state educational system for boys was established in 1867 followed an educational system for girls in 1873. Muhammad Ali established the state system for professional, technical, and foreign language schools for boys in the early 1900s.

The Egyptian educational system follows two paths. The secular system is under the Ministry of Education and the Al-Azhar system of Islamic education is under the authority of the Ministry of Al-Azhar Affairs. In the Al-Azhar system, students are segregated by sex at all grade levels. Each group follows the same curriculum and syllabus as those in the MOE schools, with the exception of the study of the Koran. All private institutions fall under the realm of the Ministry of Education and are mandated to follow the curriculum prescribed for the public schools.

In the 1999-2000 academic year, primary school was expanded to 6 years from 5 years and, beginning with the 2005-2006 academic year, primary and secondary education represents 12 years of education.

Primary Education

Compulsory education begins at age 6 and ends at age 14. Primary school, grades 1-6, begins at age 6 and is 6 years long. Upon completion, students are awarded a Shehadet Al-Ibtidaiya and students in the Al-Azhar system are awarded an Shehadet Al-Ibtidaiya Al-Azharia.

Secondary Educaton

Preparatory school (lower secondary) is 3 years long (Grades 7-9) and students are awarded a Shehadet Al-Iadadaiya or an Shehadet Al-Iadadaiya Al-Azharia in the Al-Azhar system. Students are given 2 chances to pass this exam; if they fail a second time, they must repeat Grade 9.

There are several options for upper secondary students. General upper secondary school is 3 years long and students are awarded a Thanaweya a'Amma. There are two types of technical upper secondary schools; one is a 3-year program and students are awarded a Shehadet Thanawiya Zeraiya, Shehadet Thanawiya Togaraiya, or a Shehadet Thanawiya Senaiya, depending on their field of study. A 5-year technical upper secondary school provides more advanced training in a technical field and students are awarded an Advanced Technical Diploma upon completion. In the Al-Azhar system, students follow the same curriculum as the general upper secondary schools, but with more emphasis on the Islamic studies. Upon completion, students are awarded an Shehadet Thanawiya Azharia.

Post-Secondary Education

Post-secondary educational options are offered at institutes and universities. Industrial, commercial and technical institutes offer 2-year programs in accounting, secretarial studies, insurance, computer science, health science, and electronics. Admission requires a Technical Secondary Education Certificate in a commercial, industrial or agricultural field. Upon completion, students are awarded a Diploma. Higher institutes offer 4 to 5-year program for holders of an Advanced Technical Diploma with a grade of 75% or above.

In 1908, Cairo University was established and is Egypt's leading institution for higher education today. There are currently 12 public state universities throughout Egypt that offer programs of engineering, business administration, agriculture and medicine. Each of these 12 institutions is affiliated to the Supreme Council of Universities. There are also currently 4 private universities which do not carry the affiliation to the Supreme Council. Women gained entrance to these institutions in 1962. The American University of Cairo is a private institution and the only one that charges tuition. The American University of Cairo is also accredited by the Middle States Association in the United States. The Institute of Dramatic Arts, Cinema, and Ballet is administered by the Ministry of Culture and is the only higher education institution that offers fine arts programs.

First Cycle

Public and private universities offer programs of study throughout the doctoral level. Admission to a university requires a General Secondary Education Certificate or an Advanced Technical Diploma with a score of 75% or higher. Private universities set their own admission requirements and fees without consulting the Ministry of Higher Education. The Ministry of Higher Education coordinates and supervises post-secondary education, but the Supreme Council of Universities sets the overall policy of higher education and science research in the universities and determines the number of students admitted in each faculty.

Second Cycle

Undergraduate studies are 4-6 years long, depending on the field of study. Medical studies are 6 years long, in additional to a year of practical work. Students are awarded a baccalaureos or a licence upon completion. There are two types of post-graduate study: diploma programs and master's programs. Diploma programs are 1-2 years long and do not require a thesis. They are not considered to be equivalent to master's programs in Egypt; however a holder of two diplomas is considered to be equivalent to a Master's degree. Magistr programs are 2 years long and require a thesis defense. It should be noted that the transcripts on the Magistr programs only show the courses passed during the first year, but typically do not list grades. The second year of a Magistr program is the thesis. The title of the thesis will appear on a transcript if all the requirements have been met.

Third Cycle

Doctoral level programs are 2-5 years long and require a Magistr for admission. Most students take three to four years. Some doctoral programs require coursework beyond the Magistr, but many others do not. No comprehensive exams are required. The entire program, when coursework is not required, is devoted to research in an appropriate topic. Upon successful defense of a dissertation, students are awarded a Doktura. Doktura holders in science who have at least 5 years of substantial research in a field outside of their Magistr or Doktura research may be awarded a Doctor of Science. Doctors of Science is rarely awarded.

Teacher Training

Since 1983, the Ministry of Education has required all primary and secondary education teachers hold a bachelor's degree in education. Previously, primary and secondary education teachers only had to hold a Basic Education Completion Certificate. Students who hold a bachelor's degree in a field other than education can complete a one-year post-graduate diploma course in a Faculty of Education which allows them to teach at the secondary level.

headshot of Johnny Johnson
Johnny K. Johnson

Director of Foreign Credentials Evaluation Services of America (FCSA)


Upcoming AACRAO Events

On-Demand Learning

Self-Paced | Online

Self-paced courses aligned with our competency and proficiency framework, AACRAO's on-demand training will build your skills and enhance your resume. 

Courses in:

  • Compliance
  • International
  • and more

Learn More

SEM_2020_1440x400 update

The International Institute

The AACRAO International Institute covers promising practices for the evaluation of international credentials that combines AACRAO’s On-Demand International Series with five, two-hour, virtual instructor-led training sessions.

Learn More
AACRAO International Institute Banner