Your bookmarked countries have an update since your last login. View Bookmarks x

ARCHIVED COUNTRY STUDY: (PDF)

There is 1 archived country study available. Log in to view them.

Myanmar

Overview

Myanmar, previously known as Burma until 1988, is located in Southeastern Asia and borders the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal between Bangladesh and Thailand. It is slightly smaller than Texas, with a population of 42,950,000. The capital city of Rangoon is Myanmar’s chief port and largest city. The population consists of diverse ethnic groups with Burmese comprising the largest percent. Major religious affiliations include Buddhism (89%) and Christianity (4%).

Myanmar (Burmese) is the official and dominant language. Myanmar and English are the languages of instruction with English incorporated in all levels of education. Academic documents are issued in English and Myanmar/English and are issued by the educational institutions awarding the credential. The academic year at all levels is September to August.

Education

Education in Myanmar is overseen by both the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology.

Primary and Secondary Education

Education is compulsory from ages 5 to 10. This includes one year of Kindergarten and four years of Primary School (Grades 1-4). Lower secondary school (Grades 5-8) is 4 years. At the end of Grade 8, students sit for the Basic Education Standard VIII Examination.

Vocational and general upper secondary school (Grades 9-10) is 2 years. At the end of Grade 10, students in the vocational track sit for the Basic Education Standard X Examination Diploma B, and students in the general education track sit for the Basic Education Standard X Examination Diploma A.

Post-Secondary Education

Higher education is provided by universities and specialized institutions (teacher training schools and colleges, technical and professional institutes and an Institute for Foreign Languages). They are all national institution and are under the control of the Department of Higher Education. Universities and colleges are state-financed.

First Cycle, Academic

Admission to first-level university programs requires a Basic Education Standard X Examination Diploma A. Some university programs also require an entrance examination. First-level university program include the Bachelors degree, which is 3 years, and the 4-year Bachelors (Honours) degree.

First Cycle, Vocational/Technical

Technical and vocational programs are offered at government technical institutes and the Institute of Paramedical Studies. Government technical institutes offer 3-year diploma programs, and the Institute of Paramedical Studies offers 2-year diploma programs in physiotherapy, pharmacy, radiography and medical technology.

Second and Third Cycles

Masters programs are 2 years following a Bachelors degree and require defense of a thesis. Doctoral programs are 4 years following a Masters degree and require defense of a dissertation.

Teacher Training

Primary school teachers are trained in 1-year programs at Institutes of Education leading to the Certificate in Education. Lower secondary school teachers are also trained at Institutes of Education in a 2-year program leading to the Diploma of Education. Admission to the Institute of Education requires a Basic Education Standard X Examination Diploma A.


THE CONTRIBUTORS

BE A PART OF THE CONVERSATION. JOIN OUR LISTSERV. Subscribe

Upcoming AACRAO Events

Crises as Catalysts for Transformation

Fall 2020 | virtual conference

Join us this fall for a virtual Strategic Enrollment Management Conference - Crises as Catalysts for Transformation: 2020’s Impact on Higher Education and Enrollment.

This three day, virtual conference will feature models for adapting to change, meeting challenges, and planning strategically post-pandemic.

Explore the SEM Conference
SEM_2020_1440x400 update

106th AACRAO Annual Meeting

March 28 - 31, 2021 | National Harbor, MD

AACRAO’s Annual Meeting is our largest convening of higher education professionals from around the world. Join more than 2,000 administrators in person or online as we work to address the issues facing today’s campuses, share goals and guidelines for meeting those challenges, and provide a forum for learning and sharing experiences.

Explore the Annual Meeting
240047_AACRAO_1440x400_LandingPg