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Aug 9, 2021

Macron scraps French leaders' elite training school

French President Emmanuel Macron has officially announced the closure of the École Nationale d’Administration, or ENA, the elite grande école that has trained France’s high-ranking civil servants and many of its political and business leaders for nearly three-quarters of a century. It will be replaced by a more socially diverse institution.

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Aug 5, 2021

Reform of the PACES - the students of medicine fear "of being a sacrificed generation"

Since the start of the September academic year, the reform of the PACES has applied to all French universities. The major challenge: to abolish the numerus clausus applied until then. The number of students who can access the second year is now set by the universities themselves according to their capacity. The process is modified, but the principle of selection after the first year remains valid.

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Jun 17, 2021

BTS 2021: lawsuit dismissed, exams will take place

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) rejected this the appeal filed the day before by angry student groups who requested the cancellation of their writings in favor of continuous monitoring . The 185,000 students who apply for the higher technician's certificate (BTS) will therefore have to validate their diploma by visiting their examination centers.

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Jun 10, 2021

BTS 2021: the dates of the exams and results

The BTS exam certifies a very professional and specialized training over two years. The BTS exam consists of written and oral tests, very diverse according to the specialties chosen by the students.

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Jun 9, 2021

Examinations organized remotely or postponed during confinement

All exams organized by higher education establishments must be carried out remotely or be postponed, specifies the Ministry of Higher Education. The entrance exams to the grandes écoles remain in place.

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Jun 8, 2021

Half-gauges in high schools: towards a two-tier baccalaureate?

High school students from the 16 confined departments now have all classes in half-gauges. Some fear that this year of health crisis will be one of inequalities for candidates for the bac.

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Jun 2, 2021

Baccalaureate 2021: new arrangements

To take into account the impact of the health crisis on the conditions of preparation for the general, technological and professional baccalaureate, several adaptations of its tests have been decided. However, their dates are maintained. The Ministry of National Education detailed these new arrangements.

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May 24, 2021

"Imaginécole" an educational platform for 6.6 million French-speaking students in Africa

To strengthen education systems in the face of the Covid pandemic, the education ministers of 10 West and Central African countries (Benin, Togo, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Cameroon and Chad) gathered this Thursday to launch Imaginécole, a new collaborative online learning platform. A system piloted in particular by France.

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May 3, 2021

France Closes Schools And Extends Lockdown Nationwide

With COVID-19 cases on the rise, France has ordered schools will close for 3 weeks nationwide and opening hours will change for the next 4 weeks. University students can attend one day per week throughout the next 4 weeks and the rest of the time will be remote learning.

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Mar 16, 2021

Baccalaureate: specialty tests are abolished

France Ministry of Education announced the cancellation of the final specialty teaching exams in March. These tests, which were initially scheduled for March 15, will be replaced by continuous testing. The final exams of Philosophy and French for the month of June are maintained according to the initial schedule.

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Mar 10, 2021

Baccalaureate 2021: issuance of a certificate of modern languages

The 2021 session of the general and technological baccalaureate, a certificate of competence in modern foreign and regional languages ​​will be issued to candidates at the end of the terminal cycle at the same time as the diploma.

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Mar 10, 2021

French government authorizes itself to adapt the terms of the 2021 baccalaureate

Faced with the health crisis, the executive is considering making “adaptations” to the 2021 baccalaureate. This also concerns certain competitions or exams in higher education and the civil service.

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Jan 21, 2021

France scraps baccalaureate exams for 2021

France Education Ministry has decided to cancel the baccalaureate exams in 2021. This comes after releasing information about the new format of the baccalaureate exam.

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Jan 21, 2021

French high school students protest health conditions, police gas pupils in Paris

Students and staff strike outside their schools as they are not pleased with the French government's decision to keep schools open during the new confinement as covid-19 cases continue to surge across the country.

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Jan 20, 2021

The new Baccalaureate

The Ministry of National Education has released new information on changes to the baccalaureate. Citing that they hope to giveback its meaning and its usefulness with a remuscular examination and a simpler high school, more attentive to the aspirations of high school students, and to give them the means to project themselves towards success in higher education.

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Jan 19, 2021

Brevet, baccalaureate, CAP and BEP: the dates of the 2021 exams

The dates of the written exams for the national diploma of the patent, the baccalaureate, the CAP and the BEP 2021 have just been set by the Ministry of Education and Youth.

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Dec 15, 2020

The Ministry of Education unveils the 2021 calendar for the baccalaureate and Parcoursup

The Ministry of Education announced the dates of the next baccalaureate exams, as well as those of the Parcoursup procedure.

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Dec 14, 2020

Classes closed, students absent ... what pedagogical continuity after five weeks of lessons?

Since the start of the school year, suspicions of cases of Covid-19 have disrupted the holding of part of the courses and require a “hybrid” education.

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Aug 20, 2020

Peru and France sign an agreement for COAR students to learn the French language

More than 800 third-grade high school students and 25 teachers in Peru will have access to online French classes from mid-August. In the future, they will have the possibility of achieving the DELF certification granted by the French Ministry of National Education.

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Aug 11, 2020

With no exams, French pupils break baccalaureate pass record

A record number of lycée pupils passed the baccalaureate this year, putting pressure on university places.

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All educational programs in France are regulated by the Ministère de lʼEnseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de lʼInnovation. As civil servants, teachers in public primary and secondary schools are employed by the Ministry, making it the largest employer in France. University faculty members are also employed by the government.

The curricula for the primary and secondary levels of education is uniform throughout the country for each grade in public and semi-public (subsidized) schools. However, there are specialized sections and options from which students may choose. Educators in France follow the reference Bulletin officiel de l'education national, de l'enseignement superieur et de la recherche (B.O.) which lists all teaching programs and directives.

France is divided into 35 territories called académies, 26 located in continental France and 9 in overseas territories. The Recteur (Rector) of the academy manages personnel and budgets pertaining to education for the territory and serves as a link between the academy and the Ministry in Paris. Each academy also manages the implementation of national curriculum and regulations of the Ministry.

The school calendar is standardized throughout mainland France by the Ministry of National Education, with the school year beginning in early September and ending in Early July. In overseas departments and territories, the school calendar is set by the local Rector.

Primary Education

Mandatory education in France begins at age 6, the first year of primary school. Many students begin school earlier around age 2 in pre-maternelle (pre-school) classes or ages 3-5 in maternelle (kindergarten). In the final year of maternelle, students begin to study reading. French primary school students usually have one or two teachers for all of the subjects they study in a given year. Primary school lasts for 5 years, ages 6-11.

Secondary Education

Secondary education in France is divided into two levels, collège, which lasts four years following primary school, and lycée, lasting three years after collège.

The grades are designated as follows:

AgeGradeNumeric Grade




AgeGradeNumeric Grade
17TerminaleTerm or Tle

Completion of university preparatory secondary education leads to the Baccalaureat de l'enseignement du second degre, which is comparable to a U.S. high school diploma. Students take their exams in a series or subject stream of the Baccalaureat général which concentrates on the subject specialization of the high school program the student followed: science stream (S), literary stream (L), or economic & social (ES).

The Baccalaureat technologique programs prepare students for further studies in science, technology, music, dance, or hotel management. There are 8 streams:

  1. STT: sciences et technologies tertiaires (tertiary science & technology)
  2. STI: sciences et technologies industrielles (industrial science & technology)
  3. STL: sciences et technologies de laboratoire (lab science & technology)
  4. SMS: sciences et techniques medico-sociales (medical-social science / techniques)
  5. STPA: sciences et technologies du produit agroalimentaire (agriculture/food sciences & technology)
  6. STAE: sciences et technologies d’agronomie et de l’environment (agronomy & environment science & technology)
  7. TMD: techniques de la musique et de la danse (techniques of music & dance)
  8. HM: hôtellerie (hotel management)

The Brevet de Technicien is awarded upon completion of technical programs in such fields as agriculture, manufacturing, or industrial studies and gives access to non-university technical high educational programs such as the Brevetde Technicien Supérieur.

Students who do not complete the Bac général, Bac technologique, or Brevet de Technicien may end their schooling one year early, after La classe de première, and are awarded either the CAP or BEP (Certificat d'Aptitude Professionnelle (CAP) or Brevet d'Etudes Professionnelles (BEP).) The CAP or BEP are awarded to students who have following a specific stream of study preparing them for various professions (commercial, industrial, service).

In the vocational/technical secondary track, following the CAP or BEP, students may choose from numerous programs for additional training in technical, industrial, or artistic fields:

Post-Secondary Education


Admission to the first cycle of higher education in France requires the Baccalauréat. Until the BolognaAgreement, the first cycle was 2 years in length and lead to the Diplôme d'Etudes Universitaires Generales. Admission to the second cycle (Licence and Maîtrise programs) required the DEUG, which was awarded upon completion of general education and an introduction to the major field of study for the Licence and Maîtrise. This system has been replaced with the Licence-Mastere- Doctorat (LMD) sequence of degrees, with the Licence awarded upon completion of 3 years of study beyond the Baccalauréat, the Mastere awarded 2 years after the Licence, and the Doctorat awarded at least 2 years following the Master's degree (program lengths vary).

Each French university offers a field of subject specialization unique to that institution. With multiple universities in each major city there may be 1 institution specializing in science, 1 for humanities, 1 for engineering, and others for additional specialized higher education programs. Public universities are named after the city in which they were founded, such as Université de Paris I, V, XIII.

The Grandes Écoles are higher education institutions outside the French university system. They are usually focused on 1 subject specialization, such as engineering or business, and are highly selective in the admission of students. The classes preparatoires aux grandes écoles are classes which prepare students for admission into the specific grande école subject specialization. Classes preparatoires usually require 2 years of study and may be offered in a high school or at the Grande école. These classes are considered postsecondary in level, regardless of where they are held. Upon completion of the classes preparatoires, the student takes a concours (entrance examination) for admission to the grande école.


Short-term higher technical studies are offered through the following three types of institutions:

  1. Instituts Universitaires de Technologie (IUT): IUTs are connected to the universities and prepare students for the workforce or further higher education. The credentials awarded include:
    • Diplôme Universitaire de Technologie (DUT) after a two-year program
    • Diplôme National de Technologie Specialisee (DNTS) after a 1-year program which requires the DUT or BTS for admission. Program includes 4 months of study and 8 months in industry)
  2. Lycées: The credentials awarded include:
  3. Universities: The credentials awarded include:



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