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Apr 20, 2021

Cambodia adds human trafficking lessons to schools

The Southeast Asian country - which faces U.S. sanctions if it does not improve its record on human trafficking in 2021 - will add lessons to its syllabus for primary and high school students.

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Mar 30, 2021

Cambodia Reopens Schools and Museums as Others Lock Down

Cambodia has started reopening schools as it relaxes a six-week lockdown following a coronavirus outbreak late last year, marking a contrast with some neighbouring countries that are facing new restrictions due to rising COVID-19 cases.

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Dec 11, 2020

ACE Approved to Re-open Campuses by Cambodia Education Ministry

Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport has officially given approval for the Australian Centre for Education (ACE) to re-open in Cambodia. Approval came after an on-campus assessment by health experts.

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Dec 10, 2020

Virtual education inspires Cambodian students and teachers during COVID-19

Despite the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, virtual education has been a saviour in facilitating the continuation of learning as well as inspiring students and teachers in Cambodia.

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Nov 17, 2020

Schools in Cambodia reopen after 6 months as coronavirus situation eases

Schools in Cambodia reopened after a six-month closure due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. About 400 private schools have gradually reopened since last month out of 600 applicants for “stage two” reopenings.

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Cambodia

Overview

Prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə (The Kingdom of Cambodia) is located in southeast Asia and is bordered by Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and the Gulf of Thailand. Its population is 14,241,640 and the literacy rate is 73.6%. The national language is Khmer and French is often used in business. Ninety percent (90%) of Cambodians are Khmers who are descendants of the Angkor Wat empire that reigned over Southeast Asia from about the 10th to 13th centuries. Other large ethnic groups include Vietnamese (5%) and Chinese (1%).

Cambodia became a French protectorate in 1863 and, in 1887, became a colony of French Indochina. Cambodia was occupied by Japan during World War II, and then gained independence from France on November 9, 1953 when it became a constitutional monarchy under King Norodom Sihanouk.

In April 1975, the Communist Khmer Rouge captured Cambodia's capital, Phnôm Penh, and changed the country's name to Democratic Kampuchea. The Khmer Rouge evacuated and sent people to rural areas to work. During the Khmer Rouge regime, approximately 1-3 million people were killed.

Vietnam occupied Cambodia from 1978 to 1988. From 1989 to 1991, negotiations during the Paris Peace Accords resulted in mandates for a cease fire and democratic elections. These mandates were not respected by the Khmer Rouge, but by 1999, the remaining Khmer Rouge surrendered. Cambodia is now lead by King Norodom Sihamoni, the son of the former King Norodom Sihanouk.

Education

During the Khmer Rouge regime, education was almost eliminated and children were sent to work in the fields. Only political instruction was allowed. The educational system of Cambodia is in a period of rebuilding and is currently overseen by the ក្រសួងអប់រំយុវជននិងកីឡា. There are not enough teachers and schools to accommodate all school-age children.

Primary Education

Primary school is 6 years beginning at age 6.

Secondary Education

Lower secondary school is 3 years and students receive a Diplôme at the end of the 3 years. Upper secondary school is 3 years and students are awarded a Baccalauréat upon completion. There is evidence of vocational programs at the secondary level.

Post-Secondary Education

There are numerous public and private post-secondary institutions in Cambodia. Admission to post-secondary institutions requires a baccalauréat and some institutions have their own entrance examinations.

First Cycle

The first year of university study is a common “Foundation Year.” Two to three-year diplôme programs are offered at universities and institutes of technology. Licence (licentiate) programs are 4 years.

Second and Third Cycles

There are some post-graduate programs: Master's programs are 2 years and Doctoral programs are at least 3 years and require a defense of a dissertation.

Teacher Training

Teacher education for primary school teachers is offered at provincial teacher training colleges. It is a 2-year program which requires a baccalauréat for admission. Regional teacher training centers prepare lower secondary school teachers in a 2-year program that requires a baccalauréat for admission. These two programs previously required only completion of 8 years of primary and lower secondary school for admissions. Upper secondary school teachers must complete a 4-year program at the University of Phnôm Penh.


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