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Selectivity 2025: presentation, coherence and grammatical errors will account for 10% of the grade

June 10, 2024

Original Article:

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Coherence, cohesion, presentation and grammatical, lexical and spelling correctness will account for 10% of the grade of the new Ebau of 2025 and there will be a single exercise model for each subject.

These are new developments in the draft royal decree that regulates the requirements for access to official undergraduate university education, reported this Sunday by El País and to which EFE has had access .

It will be the first selectivity aligned with the latest educational reform (Lomloe or better known as the Celaá Law), which places special emphasis on the competency approach: that students are able to apply knowledge, not just memorize it. When changing the way of teaching subjects, we must also change the way of evaluating.

Basic characteristics of selectivity from 2025

  • The exercises will have a competency design that will allow checking the degree of achievement of the specific competencies of the subjects established by the new Lomloe curricula.
  • The exercises will require students' creativity and capacity for critical thinking, reflection and maturity in solving in writing a series of questions or tasks appropriate to the competencies examined.
  • The questions or tasks will be contextualized in artistic, scientific, humanistic and technological environments and, preferably, in environments close to the students' lives.
  • Each exercise will last ninety minutes.
  • The exercises may be structured into different sections, which, in turn, may contain one or more questions or tasks. These may require closed, semi-constructed or open responses, provided that in each of the exercises the score assigned to the total number of open and semi-constructed response questions or tasks reaches at least 70%.
  • In each subject, a single exercise model will be delivered. However, if it is deemed appropriate, in some sections, the possibility of choosing between several questions or tasks may be included. This choice may not imply in any case a reduction in the number of specific competencies subject to evaluation.
  • The exercises in Spanish Language and Literature II, Co-Official Language and Literature II and Foreign Language II must be offered and answered in the corresponding language. For the rest, educational administrations will ensure students the possibility of choosing between the official languages ​​of their territories.
  • If the questions or tasks require it, to carry out the exercises of the different subjects, students may use documents or auxiliary tools, such as dictionaries, calculators, forms or tables.
  • Information on the correction and grading criteria will be included in all exercises. These criteria will include, among others, parameters that allow the following aspects to be assessed: adaptation to what is requested in the statement, coherence, cohesion, grammatical, lexical and orthographic correctness of the texts produced, as well as their presentation.
  • For those exercises in which the questions or tasks require the production of texts by the students, the assessment corresponding to the aspects contemplated in the previous section may not be less than 10% of the grade.
  • Each of the exercises that comprise the access test will be graded from 0 to 10 points.
  • The test grade will be the arithmetic average of the grades obtained in each of the exercises. It must be equal to or greater than four points so that it can be taken into account in access to undergraduate university education.
  • The university access grade will be calculated by means of the weighted average of 60% of the average Baccalaureate grade, calculated without taking into account the grade of the Religion subject, and 40% of the grade of the access test.
  • It will be understood that the university access requirements are met when the weighted grade described in the previous section is equal to or greater than 5 points.
  • The access test will consist of four or, in the case of communities with a co-official language, five exercises that will cover the following subjects: Spanish Language and Literature II and, if applicable, Co-official Language and Literature II; History of Spain or History of Philosophy, at the student's choice; Foreign Language II; The specific compulsory subject of the second year of Baccalaureate of the modality studied.
  • Those who take the access test and wish to improve their admission grade may take the exam in the same call for up to three subjects from the second year of Baccalaureate, common or modality, different from those that would have been examined in the access test. Likewise, they may take the exam in a second foreign language other than the one they had chosen in said test.


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