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Oct 22, 2021

The return to face-to-face classes continues after an agreement between the Colombia Ministry of Education and Fecode

The educators union and the national government reached an agreement to continue the gradual return to face-to-face classes in the country.

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Oct 15, 2021

Icfes announces change of date for Saber 11 tests

The exam will no longer be held in August but in September. The exam was scheduled to be presented on the weekend of August 21. However, the entity made the decision to extend the registration period and therefore the test was postponed.

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Oct 11, 2021

After the criticism, Colombian Government will promote that the students that pass 70% of the contents

After considering that the 2021 school year is "without repetition", the Ministry of Education will propose another criterion to the Federal Council of Education. In addition, it will propose that there is more teaching time for the second semester.

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Oct 11, 2021

Icfes cites 70,000 people to test Saber T&T electronics at home

The Colombian Institute for the Evaluation of Education (Icfes) will summon the more than 70,000 people registered for the Saber T&T electronic test and at home, which will be held in several sessions.

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ARCHIVED COUNTRY STUDY: (PDF)

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Colombia

Overview

La República de Colombia (The Republic of Colombia) is located in northwestern South America and is surrounded by Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela, the North Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The population is 44,379,598, and the literacy rate is 92.8%. It is the 4th largest country in South America and the 26th largest in the world.

Hunter-gatherers were in the area as far back as 10,000BC. The Spanish explorer, Vasco Nuñez de Balboa, arrived in 1508 and began the colonization of South America and the Kingdom of New Granada was established. It included the borders of present-day Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Panama. In 1810, independence from Spain was declared with Simón Bolívar as the first president of the Republic of Greater Colombia. Venezuela and Ecuador seceded from the Republic in 1830 and the country became known as Nueva Granada. It 1856, the name was changed to the Confederación Granadina until 1886 when the current name of República de Colombiawas adopted. Panama seceded in 1903.

Education

Primary Education

Education is compulsory from ages 5 to 13. Educación pre-escolar (pre-school education) is one year beginning at age 5. Educación Básica Primaria (Primary Basic Education) is 5 years and, upon completion, students are awarded a Certificado de Educación Básica. Educación Básica Secundaria (Lower Secondary Education) is 4 years and, upon completion, students are awarded a Certificado de Estudios de Bachillerato Básico or a Certificado de Conclusión del Ciclo Básico.

Secondary Education

Upper secondary (Educación Media) and technical upper secondary (Educación Media Técnica) is 2 years and is offered at colegios and liceos. Students are awarded a Bachillerato upon completion of studies.

Post-Secondary Education

First Cycle, Academic

Admission to universities requires a bachillerato and an examen del estado (state entrance exam). There are 75 public and private universidades and 90 instituciónes universitarias (university institutions). Coursework at this level is measured in unidades de labor académica (ULA) (academic work units). The first level of studies (licenciatura) is 4-5 years long and students are awarded a Título de Licenciado after earning at least 3200 ULAs. The Título Profesional is awarded after the minimum coursework and defense of a thesis. Law, engineering, medicine and dentistry programs are 5 years.

First cycle, Vocational/Technical

Technical and vocational post-secondary study is offered at 60 instituciónes tecnológicas(technological institutes) and 51 instituciónes técnicas professionales (professional technical institutions). Programs are 2-2.5 years and students are awarded a Título de Técnico Profesional Intermedio . 3-3.5-year programs award a Título de Tecnólogo or a Título de Licenciado.

Second Cycle

Graduate programs require a Título de Licenciado or a Título Profesional and an entrance examination for admission. After ½-1 year of study, students are awarded a Diplomado, after 1-2 years of study, students are awarded a Título de Especialista and the Título de Magister/Título de Maestría is awarded after 2 years and is the credential required for admission to doctoral programs. Título de Especialista programs following licenciado programs in law, engineering, medicine or dentistry are 1-4 years long.

Third Cycle

Doctoral programs require 2 years of coursework in the same area of study as the Magister/Maestría program, plus defense of a dissertation. Upon completion, students are awarded a Título de Doctor. Students in education doctoral programs are awarded a Título de Doctor en Ciencias de la Educación.

Teacher Training

Primary and secondary school teachers are all trained at the licenciatura level at faculties of education at universities and university institutions.


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